During that time, the average value for Alaska was 0.98 US Dollar, with a low of 0.95 US Dollar on 01-Nov-2021 and a high of 1.04 US Dollar on 07-Feb-2022. For contrast, the global average price of fuel during this time period was 1.58 US dollars.
Is diesel available in Alaska?
Alternative plans may be implemented in villages that are not connected by a road system or have only sporadic and minimal ferry service. This is still being debated in rural communities.
The State of Alaska hosted three public workgroup sessions in Anchorage this summer to examine the transition to 15 parts per million sulfur diesel. Tribes and rural Alaskans were underrepresented. Our attempts to get people to come to the workshops were unsuccessful. Members of the tribe and rural Alaskans practice a subsistence lifestyle. Traditional foods, which make up the majority of Tribal diets, are harvested during the summer. In terms of nutrition and culture, these activities are required for survival.
The State held a series of fall and winter workshops to inform tribe members and rural Alaskans about the 15 ppm sulfur diesel regulations and their possible impacts on rural Alaska, and to solicit feedback. The first step was taken at the Bureau of Indian Affairs Providers conference in Anchorage in October 2001, followed by the Forum for the Environment in Anchorage the week of February 4, 2002. We made the essential relationships at these sessions to make travel to the Tribes and rural Alaska a reality.
We’ve held discussions with community people in six rural Alaskan hub communities thus far: Kotzebue, Unalakleet, Nome, Barrow, Kodiak, and Dutch Harbor/Unalaska. We’re teleconferencing smaller villages wherever possible. It is envisaged that those who attend these hub community meetings will spread the news to other remote areas. In an ideal world, we’d have the time and resources to set up communications and travel to smaller villages.
Alaska’s rural areas presented distinct obstacles. In rural Alaska, it is impossible to handle mobile sources without also addressing fixed sources. Both sources are connected by a fuel distribution infrastructure that has evolved to be as cost-effective and efficient as feasible. When the weather permits, one grade of gasoline is delivered to rural Alaska for non-aviation use once or twice a year. Residents of the village use the same tank to power their generators, heat their houses, and drive their trucks. Diesel trucks are few in rural Alaska. Diesel trucks aren’t even available in some places. Modifying the distribution system to allow for a small volume of 15 ppm sulfur diesel for highway use may have an impact on overall fuel costs.
The majority of residents are concerned about the expense implications of switching to 15 ppm sulfur fuel. Fuel prices in rural Alaska are already among the highest in the country, and many people feel they will continue to rise as a result of distribution difficulties. The following are some specific concerns:
- Increased fuel segregation expenses – river barges, fuel planes, fuel dealers, and tank farm operators may need to set aside a tank for 15 ppm sulfur diesel from those used to store fuel for home heating and electricity generation.
- Because of the expense of the fuel and the fact that the ultra-low sulfur fuel generates less energy, a full conversion to 15 ppm sulfur diesel to save fuel segregation fees may cause operational problems and increase costs with home heating and power production sources.
- In rural Alaska, diesel vehicles and buses are scarce. The health risks and exposures associated with diesel power generating are unknown and must be assessed. It’s impossible to evaluate the potential financial consequences to the potential health risk from diesel automobiles, which this law targets, or from power production sources without that information.
Initial feedback indicates that rural communities and villages prefer a market-based strategy that capitalizes on local preferences. A market-based strategy includes the following elements:
- Only when a 2007 or later model year diesel truck or bus is added to the neighborhood will the need to purchase 15 ppm sulfur diesel fuel for a vehicle arise.
- In rural Alaska, the deadline for converting all diesel-powered vehicles to 15 ppm sulfur diesel is set for 2010.
- When enough sources require 15 ppm sulfur diesel, a demand will emerge, allowing distributors to transport only the new fuel into the communities at a cost-effective price.
- This option gives Tribes and rural communities the most freedom in complying with the fuel requirement based on their own goals, concerns, and economics. Villages can be more or less strict than the national plan, depending on their needs.
- Chain of custody papers that accompany shipments of 15 ppm fuel to off-road Alaska could be used to enforce the law. At any point along the distribution system, fuel can be tested.
Rural areas, on the other hand, have different alternatives when it comes to selecting how to effectively transition to the 15 ppm sulfur fuel. The nationwide plan detailed in 66 FR 5002 or a changeover to 15 ppm sulfur fuel from all sources at the same time are examples. If more time is granted, more options may be developed.
Extended Deadline for Native Alaskan Tribe and Rural Community Comments: We need more time to consult with local residents and tribes
Efforts to consult with Tribes and rural Alaska communities and devise a plan are still on. This is a lengthy process due to distance, harsh weather, and cultural factors.
The villages that have been contacted so far have expressed a strong desire to evaluate the information and consider the implications of importing 15 ppm sulfur fuel into their community. We have received no formal responses to this topic to date.
As a result, we’d like more time to develop a robust and acceptable rural transition plan. The villages’ recommendation will not be solicited until May 15, 2003, under our suggestion. As a result, we’re requesting an extension until June 13, 2003 to draft and submit a Rural Plan to the EPA.
Over the extended submission deadline, the following topics should be addressed:
- Investigate the utilization of alternative power generation to prevent diesel’s economic and operational consequences on power generation.
- Subsidies are available to help with the cost of modifying village infrastructure to accommodate the new fuel. This could involve new tanks, tank cleaning, barge improvements, engine overhauls, and other services.
- financing to create experiments that run 15 ppm sulfur diesel through power generators and other possibly impacted sources during the winter to assess operating parameters
- incentives for Arctic grade ultra-low sulfur gasoline production to boost production and price stability
- Before investing in the new fuel, health studies are required to identify if a health concern exists. Residents in rural Alaska responded that they are aware of the potential health risks associated with diesel combustion and that they would like to benefit from 15 ppm sulfur fuel in the future, but that they need more information to make an informed decision.
- Examine possibilities for converting all diesel vehicles to 15 ppm sulfur diesel in a time-bound manner.
Is gasoline expensive in Alaska?
With global crude oil prices falling, one Alaskan who has spent nearly 40 years working on the North Slope wonders why gas prices in Alaska are still so much higher than the national average.
The average price of gasoline in the United States is roughly $2.25 per gallon, according to GasBuddy, an internet site that tracks national gas prices. Alaska, on the other hand, has a gallon price of just over $3.00.
“I’ve been watching local gas prices on the Kenai for 20 years or more, and it’s an obvious chronic problem that our lone refinery drags its feet when it’s time to lower gas costs,” Shawn Nelson, who has spent decades in the industry, said.
Gas costs in the Kenai, Nelson said, are the buzz of the town, despite the fact that the Nikiski refinery is just in their backyard. Prices are quick to rise when global oil is hot and slow to fall when it is cold, as it is now, according to him.
Is Alaska expensive to live?
If you’ve been thinking about moving to Alaska and have done some online research, you may have come to a disappointing conclusion. Living in Alaska is one of the most costly states in the country.
The cost of living in most of its cities and towns is consistently higher than the national average.
Despite this, many people dream of migrating to Alaska because of its breathtaking beauty and outdoor adventures. So don’t give up on your ambition of exploring the “last frontier.” In Alaska, there are cities that are both economical and offer the lifestyle you choose.
Is gas cheap in Alaska?
Prices for a litre of gasoline in Alaska During that time, the average value for Alaska was 1.04 US Dollar, with a low of 1.04 US Dollar on 01-Nov-2021 and a high of 1.06 US Dollar on 07-Feb-2022. For reference, the global average price of gasoline during this time period was 1.71 US dollars.
Which state has most expensive gas?
According to a new research, Texas is the state with the lowest fuel prices, while California has the most. According to a Jan. 6 survey by the American Automobile Association, California has the highest gasoline prices in the US at $4.656 a gallon, while Texas has the lowest at $2.912 per gallon.
What fuel is used in Alaska?
Alaska had the 11th greatest proven natural gas reserves in the US at the start of 2020, with 9.4 trillion cubic feet. 46 Although Alaska ranks third in the country in terms of natural gas gross withdrawals (behind Texas and Pennsylvania), the majority of the state’s gas production is not brought to market. Natural gas supplies from the North Slope considerably outnumber local demand, and no pipeline exists to carry the gas to southern users. 47,48 About 90% of the state’s natural gas withdrawalsthe majority of which are removed during oil productionare reinjected into oil reservoirs to assist keep crude oil production rates stable. The remainder of the gas production is sold. 49 The natural gas and crude oil production processes consume about 78 percent of Alaska’s natural gas. Natural gas is used by the electric power sector for 9% of the state’s natural gas consumption, and natural gas is used to create more than two-fifths of Alaska’s utility-scale energy. The remaining 13% of natural gas use is split fairly evenly between residential, industrial, and commercial uses. 50,51 Natural gas is used to heat around half of Alaskan houses, the majority of which are in the state’s cities. 52
A state objective has been to build an 800-mile pipeline that would transport natural gas from Alaska’s North Slope to worldwide markets, but private energy corporations have not deemed the project commercially viable. The Alaska government established a state-owned corporation to approve, build, and operate the pipeline by 2025 in order to move the project forward. The Alaska government also wants a new liquefied natural gas (LNG) export facility built near Anchorage as part of the pipeline project. Natural gas would be delivered to the terminal by a pipeline capable of transporting up to 3.9 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day from North Slope fields. 53,54,55,56 The Alaska state-owned corporation was given permission to build and operate the LNG project by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in May 2020. The state is looking for a single or many energy corporations to take over the project, which is expected to cost roughly $39 billion. 57,58,59,60
The Kenai LNG liquefaction and terminal complex on Cook Inlet opened in 1969 and was the only facility in the United States authorized to export LNG made from domestic natural gas until 2012. The LNG was exported to Asia from the terminal, which has the capacity to liquefy up to 200 million cubic feet of natural gas per day. 61,62 However, the terminal’s LNG exports have decreased, and the facility’s long-time owner sold it in January 2018. In 2020, the new owners received FERC authority to alter the terminal so that it may receive LNG imports and offer fuel to a neighboring refinery. 63,64,65
Why is gas in Alaska so expensive?
President Joe Biden’s administration has stated that, among other things, it is considering releasing oil from emergency reserves to assist bring down costs as petrol prices in the United States rise.
According to AAA, the national average for gas was $3.24 on Oct. 7. That’s up from $3.20 on Monday, according to AAA, which is the highest it’s been since October 2014. Increased demand and the high cost of crude oil, which according to AAA has remained above $73 per barrel, are anticipated to drive up gas prices.
Gas prices are not under the authority of presidents. However, the Biden administration recently stated that it is considering all available tools to combat rising oil prices, including the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and collaboration with international allies.
According to AAA, the national average for a gallon of petrol on Oct. 4 was $3.20, which is 2 cents higher than last month and $1.02 higher than this time last year.
GasBuddy analyst Patrick De Haan tweeted that the average price is $3.26 per gallon and that the rises “won’t stop yet.” He anticipated that gas prices would rise to $3.30 per gallon or more.
The increasing costs are most likely due to rising demand, supply constraints, and the COVID-19 pandemic.
According to McClatchy News, higher gas prices were primarily a result of increased demand as Americans began to go out or travel more during the first half of 2021, as the country recovered economically from the pandemic.
According to AAA, fuel demand increased by more than 5% last week. However, according to the Energy Information Administration, oil and natural gas production is lower than it was before the pandemic. This “reduced supply” is one of the reasons why crude oil prices have remained over $73 and is keeping gas prices from “falling into their regular seasonal slump.”
“Global economic instability and supply chain concerns triggered by the lingering COVID-19 outbreak could be keeping crude oil prices elevated,” AAA spokesperson Andrew Gross stated on Oct. 4.
Last week, White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said the administration had no “near-term” remedies to present, but that it is “looking at every method we have to address the expense of oil.”
She said this involves talks with international partners, such as the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, or OPEC, on “the necessity of competitive markets and setting prices,” as well as doing more to promote oil supply recovery.
Despite pressure to raise output, OPEC, Russia, and other oil suppliers declared this week that they would keep to their July agreement to only increase oil production by 400,000 barrels per day in November, which is less than 0.5 percent of global demand, according to The New York Times.
Last month, National Economic Council Director Brian Deese wrote to FTC Chairperson Lina Khan, requesting that the FTC “employ all of its available capabilities to monitor (the) U.S. gasoline market and address any illegal conduct that might be contributing to price hikes,” according to Psaki.
The FTC reacted, she said, by promising to “take specific efforts to identify, discourage, and investigate.”
During a Financial Times conference on Oct. 6, US Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm remarked that “presidents don’t control the cost of gasoline” and that the “market is what the market is.”
She did say, though, that releasing oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, or SPR, is a “tool that’s being considered.”
According to the Energy Department, the SPR is the “world’s largest supply of emergency crude oil” and was established to mitigate the impact of supply disruptions. It is kept in four underground salt caverns along the Gulf of Mexico.
“SPR oil is sold competitively when the president determines that a sale is warranted under the terms of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act,” according to the agency.
“Such circumstances have only occurred three times, the most recent being in June 2011, when the president ordered the sale of 30 million barrels of crude oil to balance supply shortages caused by conflict in Libya.”
It further said that the energy secretary has the authority to “authorize restricted releases in the form of exchanges with entities that are not part of the Federal Government.”
De Haan, on the other hand, tweeted on Oct. 6 that “we would need a substantial discharge” to bring petrol prices down significantly.
Does the government give you money to live in Alaska?
Since 1982, PFD amounts have ranged from $331 to $2,072 per individual, according to the Alaska Department of Revenue. In 2015, each person received $2,072 or $8,288 for a family of four.
The compensation in 2018 was $1,600 per individual. Citizens currently receive up to $2,000 per year merely for residing there.
Every year, Alaska’s Permanent Fund Dividend (PFD) Program distributes a modest amount of the state’s oil income to all permanent residents (including children and adults).
What is minimum wage in Alaska?
The Alaska minimum wage will stay at $10.34 in 2022, according to the Department of Labor and Workforce Development.
According to the labor department, Alaska law requires that the state minimum wage be adjusted using the Consumer Price Index for urban consumers in the Anchorage metropolitan region for the previous calendar year. In 2014, voters approved a ballot issue that would annually adjust the minimum wage for inflation.
According to the labor department, the state’s urban Alaska consumer price index declined 1.1 percent in 2020. Because the minimum wage is “increased annually for inflation” under the statute, and there was no inflation in 2020, the minimum pay will remain at $10.34 in calendar year 2022. According to the announcement, Alaska’s minimum pay must remain at least $1 per hour higher than the federal minimum wage.