If you go about on the internet, you can come across a forum question like this:
In most cases, the responses are mixed. ‘Don’t worry, you’ll be OK,’ said half of the people. “Watch out for ________,” the other half will warn.
Regular diesel is referred to as #2 diesel fuel oil, whereas kerosene is referred to as #1 diesel fuel oil. Some people believe it is similar enough to conventional (#2) diesel fuel that they may try to use it interchangeably. What would motivate them to do so, and what problems may they face?
What Makes Kerosene What It Is
The qualities of kerosene determine what happens when it is burned. Because kerosene is a lighter diesel oil than #2, it is referred to as #1 diesel. Because of its smaller weight, it has somewhat less energy roughly 135,000 BTU per gallon vs. 139,000 BTU for #2.
Aromatic compounds are often concentrated in #2 and heavier diesel fuel oils; kerosene does not have extremely significant levels of them. This is one of the reasons why #2 diesel burns drier and with less lubricity than kerosene.
The most prevalent worry is kerosene’s dry burn, which can harm gasoline pumps. In comparison to #2 diesel, kerosene has extremely little lubricity. When running on kerosene, gasoline pumps without lubricity suffer a lot of wear and may burn out. Additional wearable pieces, such as rings, gaskets, and valves, are mentioned by some. Adding some automatic transmission fluid to the kerosene is a simple cure for this. In this case, 2-cycle oil can also be used.
Some will argue that kerosene burns hotter than #2 diesel, resulting in worries about rings being burned out. Others argue that because kerosene has a lower energy value, it will not burn at a higher temperature.
The fact that kerosene has less total energy than #2 is undeniable. However, having less total energy simply means that a gallon of kerosene produces less total heat than a gallon of standard on-road diesel.
Kerosene has a lower viscosity than gasoline, which allows it to burn at a higher temperature in an engine.
Cutting Diesel with Kerosene
Kerosene can be combined with diesel fuel for a few advantages. Kerosene is particularly beneficial in the winter for modifying the cold weather handling temperatures of diesel fuel. The rule of thumb is that adding ten percent kerosene to a diesel fuel blend lowers the cold filter plugging point by five degrees. It may be more cost effective to use kerosene as a mixer than than a cold flow polymer in extremely cold climates.
To reduce emissions, kerosene and #2 are mixed together. According to the theory, kerosene “burns cleaner” than #2, resulting in lesser pollutants.
Can I add kerosene to diesel?
It is dependent on the engine you have. Kerosene burns cleanly in most diesel engines and does not affect them. In reality, kerosene is an acceptable fuel in many contemporary diesel engines. Kerosene is produced through a distillation process, making it a pure fuel. This signifies it doesn’t contain any additives like diesel. As a result, kerosene burns cooler than diesel and lacks the lubricating additives found in diesel. This means that if you use kerosene in your diesel engine, it will place a strain on your injector pump unless you use the proper lubrication. Add a quart of Marvel Mystery Oil to every twenty gallons of kerosene in your tank to achieve this. Kerosene should not be used in a diesel engine unless it is listed as an acceptable fuel in the owner’s manual or you have confirmed with the manufacturer.
How much kerosene do I mix with diesel?
To improve winter fuel operation, kerosene is combined with diesel fuel. Depending on the severity of the cold weather, kerosene blended diesel fuel is mixed in ratios ranging from 80 parts diesel to 20 parts kerosene to a maximum of 50 parts to 50 parts combination. While kerosene has a similar igniting quality to #2 diesel fuel, it is too thin to be used as a standalone engine fuel and lacks the lubricating properties of heavier #2 diesel. The vehicle owner or operator can combine kerosene with diesel fuel.
Does kerosene prevent diesel gelling?
You get ready to go to work one morning, but your car won’t start. Overnight, your fuel in the tank has solidified. So, what exactly do you do?
For truck drivers, the winter months are more than just a dangerous time when they must drive extra cautiously. In fact, the colder months bring with them a slew of new issues, one of which being diesel fuel gelling. When the temperature of diesel fuel drops, the paraffin that is normally contained in it begins to harden. The wax in liquid form will solidify at 32 degrees, clouding the fuel tank. It will ultimately start to gel at 10-15 degrees and block the tank and fuel filter.
The gel point of diesel is the temperature at which it solidifies and can no longer flow through the fuel lines. The pour point, on the other hand, specifies the temperature at which a fluid begins to harden.
This is the most important one. The diesel fuel in the fuel lines has solidified and clogged the fuel filter. The engine will not start if petrol cannot enter through the fuel filter.
Some truck drivers have told us about filling up with diesel fuel in the winter and neglecting to add anti-gel treatment. When they get on the road, they discover that their vehicle is at best sluggish, and that it can’t even accelerate correctly. When accelerating, a mismatch between the intended fuel rail pressure and the actual rail pressure is detected. Because of the gelling of the diesel fuel, the required pressure frequently jumps while the actual pressure remains low, preventing the fuel from getting where it should go.
Truckers frequently mix #1 diesel, which has a kerosene blend, with diesel #2, which is utilized for road applications. Kerosene lowers the plug point temperature of the fuel and reduces its viscosity, reducing the likelihood of diesel gelling even at low temperatures.
Another typical option for diesel fuel gelling is additives and fuel treatments. They function in a similar way to the previous alternative in reducing the production of paraffin crystals. They also help to reduce the fuel’s pour and gel points. For than two decades, AFS products have reliably and affordably protected New England and Mid-Atlantic diesel enthusiasts with its patented cold weather innovations and comprehensive fuel oversight programs.
Our Winter Diesel 2010 Additive, which combines wax modifiers and wax anti-settling chemicals to improve low-temperature operability, is a good example of a fuel treatment. While ensuring fuel economy and emission management, it also provides L10 injector detergency, fuel stabilization, and corrosion inhibition.
Our technical staff is available to discuss any issues you may have about winter operability with you. They can provide advice on best practices and preventative measures that will help you and your customers prepare for whatever the winter brings. Advanced Fuel Solutions can be reached at 978-258-8360 for more information.
Do I need to add anything to my diesel fuel in the winter?
Diesel fuel has a lot of advantages. More vehicle power means better fuel economy, but one of the main disadvantages of diesel fuel is that it performs poorly in cold weather. Diesel crystallizes when temperatures drop, clogging fuel filters and lines. This not only prevents engines from starting, but it can also result in costly repairs if the engines are damaged.
You should apply an anti-gel fuel supplement to keep diesel gasoline from gelling (or crystallizing). Anti-gel additives are simple to apply; simply add the remedy to your gasoline tank. Anti-gel additives lower diesel fuel’s freezing point, making it less prone to freeze in cold weather. Anti-gel additives are used to reduce the plugging point of cold filters (CFPP). The CFPP is the lowest temperature at which a filter will still allow fuel to flow through it.
The presence of wax in diesel fuel necessitates the addition of an anti-gel additive. Normally, wax is a liquid that dissolves in the fuel. The wax is the problem because it causes fuel to gel, and gelled fuel (or crystals) can clog engine fuel filters. If the temperature drops below a certain point, the engine will totally gel up and cease to function. So why don’t we just remove the wax and avoid the whole gelling issue? The wax component is there because it contributes to the fuel’s high cetane value. Cetane provides more power and improved engine response. In the winter, wax concentration is lower, but it is still present in diesel blends for cetane.
1. When the temperature drops below 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
It’s a good idea to start using anti-gel as soon as the temperature drops below freezing. As a general rule, the lower the temperature, the more gasoline additive is required. We recommend that you follow the anti-instructions gel’s on the bottle.
2. Sudden temperature dips
If the weather forecast predicts a cold front, you should prepare by applying additional anti-gel ingredient. The importance of preparation cannot be overstated. Anti-gel additives will not harm your engine, so use extra when in doubt.
3. When it comes to adding fuel
Whenever you fill up at the pump in the winter, use an anti-gel additive. Most additives can be put either before or after the fuel is added. To guarantee a good mixing, we like to add the ingredients ahead of time.
4. When the fuel starts to solidify
As soon as feasible, add an anti-gel ingredient. If your fuel has already gelled or your fuel lines are clogged, an emergency additive that dethaws fuel and de-ices filters is recommended. These emergency procedures re-liquify the fuel, making it combustible once more.
We provide a few anti-gel additives at Fuel OxTM as a precautionary step. We recommend that you use our Gasoline OxTM Cold Charge to prevent fuel gelling. We recommend utilizing our emergency fuel treatment, Fuel OxTM Heat Bomb, to restore the flow of frozen fuel lines if the fuel has already gelled. A little goes a long way with this product, as it does with all of ours; one ounce treats up to 80 gallons of fuel. A complete list of our winter anti-gel additives can be seen below:
Which cleans better diesel or kerosene?
Diesel is quite acceptable. It will evaporate more slowly and leave a thicker residue on the metal, which will preserve it. Kerosene is “cleaner” because it leaves less residue, but it also leaves the metal “bare.”
What is Number 1 diesel used for?
The fundamental difference between Diesel #1 and Diesel #2 is the cetane rating, which, like the octane of gasoline, indicates igniting ease. It’s all about fuel efficiency, volatility, and seasonality, really.
Less wear on your engines’ batteries implies a faster and more efficient start. The increased cetane grade also helps diesel engines run more smoothly by lowering maintenance requirements.
The additional lubricants in Premium Diesel assist keep fuel system parts moving easily. The fuel pump’s and other fuel system components’ lives are extended as a result of the reduced friction.
Fuel systems can become clogged with sediments and other particles over time. While the engine is operating, detergents are injected to Diesel #1 to clean injectors and other fuel system components. Not only does a clean fuel system last longer, but it also enhances fuel efficiency and horsepower production.
Diesel #1 contains lubricants and detergents, as well as other fuel additives that improve engine performance and save downtime. Even in a well-sealed fuel system, air moisture can find its way in and cause major engine problems. Demulsifiers in premium Diesel work to separate emulsified water from the fuel so that it can be filtered out; even in a well-sealed fuel system, air moisture can find its way in and cause major engine problems. Corrosion inhibitors keep rust and corrosion at bay, while stabilizers keep blockages and buildup at bay.
Diesel #1 is sometimes known as winter diesel since it operates better in colder conditions than Diesel #2. It has a lower viscosity and does not gel when exposed to cold temperatures. Most stations sell a premium Diesel blend that is tailored to the local climate.
While premium diesel has a number of advantages, such as fewer maintenance and equipment downtime, regular diesel is less expensive at the pump, which is an essential consideration. However, total cost of ownership should take into account not only the cost savings from the fuel, but also the impact on ongoing maintenance costs. The age and size of your fleet may play a role in deciding between Diesel #1 and Diesel #2.
When deciding between Diesel #1 and Diesel #2 for your fleet, keep in mind that premium Diesel quality differs from station to station. If you choose Diesel #1, make sure your drivers get their fuel at reliable high-volume stations.
Do you want to learn more about the effects of diesel choices on fuel systems? To talk with an equipment professional, contact your nearest Papé Kenworth office now.
How much oil do you add to kerosene?
2 stroke oil is probably the best option. Walmart’s standard supertech. Here, a gallon of gas costs $10.99. The standard advice is 1 oz per gallon, however I’d definitely go with 2 oz per gallon.
Does kerosene gel in cold weather?
Crude oil is refined into a variety of oils, including kerosene and home heating oil. The refinement procedures of the oils varies, resulting in different oil kinds.
Oil is supposed to be the safest form of heat because it does not explode or heat up to the point of catching fire.
As a result, it warms your home fast, safely, and affordably. In a liquid form, heating oil will not burn. The flash point of the oil, or the temperature at which it ignites, is 140 degrees Fahrenheit, which is the temperature at which it starts to evaporate and catch fire within a burner.
Diesel fuel is used to heat your home.
It is painted red to signify that burning it in a diesel vehicle is illegal since the red dye implies that no road taxes were paid with it.
If you let yourself run out and a truck cannot get to you until the next day, putting diesel fuel in your oil tank is a good method to get through an otherwise cold night and morning.
Because oil can gel in cold temperatures, it’s best used inside tanks. If you still want to use oil on an outdoor tank in the winter, you can use an additive (such as Hot Shot) to keep the oil from gelling.
Because of the refining process, kerosene burns cleaner. Many people believe it burns more efficiently, allowing it to last longer and justifying its greater price. During the winter, kerosene does not gel. The flash point of kerosene is 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
Which is cheaper diesel or kerosene?
Because kerosene has a lower viscosity than diesel, it burns hotter. This can assist heat the house, but it can also cause issues if the heater isn’t designed to manage heat that’s hotter than regular heating oil heat. The heat from a kerosene heater may readily heat a standard home in a warm environment if your furnace is suitable for kerosene, according to “The Decatur Daily News.” When diesel is unavailable, kerosene heating oil K-1 is typically utilized; nevertheless, it is more expensive than its diesel cousin. Installing a fuel oil heater also makes it comparable to standard No. 1 heating oil, which is useful if you choose to swap oils later.