If you go about on the internet, you can come across a forum question like this:
In most cases, the responses are mixed. ‘Don’t worry, you’ll be OK,’ said half of the people. “Watch out for ________,” the other half will warn.
Regular diesel is referred to as #2 diesel fuel oil, whereas kerosene is referred to as #1 diesel fuel oil. Some people believe it is similar enough to conventional (#2) diesel fuel that they may try to use it interchangeably. What would motivate them to do so, and what problems may they face?
What Makes Kerosene What It Is
The qualities of kerosene determine what happens when it is burned. Because kerosene is a lighter diesel oil than #2, it is referred to as #1 diesel. Because of its smaller weight, it has somewhat less energy roughly 135,000 BTU per gallon vs. 139,000 BTU for #2.
Aromatic compounds are often concentrated in #2 and heavier diesel fuel oils; kerosene does not have extremely significant levels of them. This is one of the reasons why #2 diesel burns drier and with less lubricity than kerosene.
The most prevalent worry is kerosene’s dry burn, which can harm gasoline pumps. In comparison to #2 diesel, kerosene has extremely little lubricity. When running on kerosene, gasoline pumps without lubricity suffer a lot of wear and may burn out. Additional wearable pieces, such as rings, gaskets, and valves, are mentioned by some. Adding some automatic transmission fluid to the kerosene is a simple cure for this. In this case, 2-cycle oil can also be used.
Some will argue that kerosene burns hotter than #2 diesel, resulting in worries about rings being burned out. Others argue that because kerosene has a lower energy value, it will not burn at a higher temperature.
The fact that kerosene has less total energy than #2 is undeniable. However, having less total energy simply means that a gallon of kerosene produces less total heat than a gallon of standard on-road diesel.
Kerosene has a lower viscosity than gasoline, which allows it to burn at a higher temperature in an engine.
Cutting Diesel with Kerosene
Kerosene can be combined with diesel fuel for a few advantages. Kerosene is particularly beneficial in the winter for modifying the cold weather handling temperatures of diesel fuel. The rule of thumb is that adding ten percent kerosene to a diesel fuel blend lowers the cold filter plugging point by five degrees. It may be more cost effective to use kerosene as a mixer than than a cold flow polymer in extremely cold climates.
To reduce emissions, kerosene and #2 are mixed together. According to the theory, kerosene “burns cleaner” than #2, resulting in lesser pollutants.
Can you use kerosene instead of diesel?
Kerosene burns cleanly in most diesel engines and does not affect them. In reality, kerosene is an acceptable fuel in many contemporary diesel engines. Kerosene is produced through a distillation process, making it a pure fuel. As a result, kerosene burns cooler than diesel and lacks the lubricating additives found in diesel.
Which is better diesel or kerosene?
In the winter, kerosene is routinely used to prevent fuel gelling and increase cold flow operability. A kerosene blended diesel fuel is a mix of #1 (kerosene) and #2 (diesel). The ratio of diesel fuel to kerosene is commonly 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, or 50:50.
The fundamental benefit of mixing diesel and kerosene is that it improves cold flow performance. The cold filter plugging point (CFPP) of kerosene is substantially higher than that of diesel fuel. It can flow through a gasoline filter at a lower temperature than untreated diesel. The CFPP is reduced by 3 degrees for every 10% kerosene combined, according to the rule of thumb.
Treating your gasoline with a winter fuel additive is almost always more cost effective than cutting your fuel with kerosene. All you have to do is compute the cost difference between diesel and kerosene, the ratio utilized (80:20, 70:30, 50:50, etc. ), and the additional cost of cutting with kerosene. On the other hand, look up a winter additive, determine the treatment ratio, and compute the cost per gallon.
In addition, kerosene has fewer BTUs (British Thermal Units) than diesel fuel. As a result, utilizing kerosene reduces fuel efficiency and engine performance. Kerosene has a BTU level of around 130,000 per gallon, while diesel has a BTU content of around 140,000 per gallon. This represents a power difference of around 7.5 percent. Additionally, kerosene has a lower cetane rating than diesel. The combustion speed of diesel fuel is indicated by the cetane rating. Shorter ignition delays in diesel fuels with higher cetane ratings result in more combustion and allow engines to run more efficiently. Kerosene has lower cetane levels, which can cause poor starting, delayed warm-ups, and white smoke.
Another factor to consider is that for every ten percent of kerosene used, you only gain three degrees of CFPP protection, whereas diesel fuel additives can provide up to 40 degrees of CFPP protection.
Last but not least, kerosene has less lubricity than modern diesel fuels. If you know anything about today’s diesel fuels, you’re aware that our low sulfur diesel (ULSD) doesn’t contain as much sulfur as it once did, resulting in reduced lubricity and increased wear and tear on our engines. Our engine components, particularly the rubber ones, are already prone to premature failure. Why would we want to use kerosene to provide less lubricity than we already have? We can also use a cold flow improver with lubricity increase as an alternative. Many cold flow improvers also come with lubricity packages.
How can you tell the difference between diesel and kerosene?
Diesel is a solid molecular structure with 34 hydrogen and 16 carbon atoms that is utilized as a fuel. Kerosene, on the other hand, does not have a fixed structure; rather, it is made up of hydrocarbon chains ranging from 12 to 15 carbon atoms.
Is jet fuel a kerosene?
Aviation fuels are fuels that are used to propel planes. Four different aviation fuels are distinguished on a basic level:
Jet fuel (also known as JP-1A) is used in civil aviation turbine engines (jet engines and turboprops) all over the world. This is a light petroleum that has been finely refined. Kerosene is the fuel type. Jet A-1 has a flash point of more than 38 degrees Celsius and a freezing value of -47 degrees Celsius. Jet A is a similar kerosene fuel that is typically exclusively accessible in the United States.
Aviation fuel is blended with extremely minute amounts of numerous additives after it has been refined. These additives, among other things, keep the gasoline from igniting uncontrollably, preventing deposits from developing in the turbine, and keeping the aviation fuel from getting electrically charged. In aviation fuel, there are also chemicals that restrict the growth of microbes. Other additives help to keep the jet fuel from freezing: At cruising altitude, the air temperature is frequently below -30°C (-22°F), and aviation fuel freezing might be fatal. Under the designation Jet Propellant 8, NATO military aircraft utilize the same airplane fuel with even more sophisticated additions (JP-8).
Jet fuel is subject to very extensive, internationally regulated quality criteria due to the high demands of aircraft engines.
Military jets use this type of aviation fuel. Because it is more flammable with a flash point of 20°C and a freezing point of -72°C (as compared to -47°C for Jet A-1), this special blend (grade Jet B, also known as JP-4) of about 65 percent gasoline and 35 percent kerosene is used in regions with particularly low temperatures because it is more flammable with a flash point of 20°C and a freezing point of -72°C (as compared to The engines, on the other hand, must be able to run on these aviation fuels.
Aviation gasoline is abbreviated as avgas. This aviation gasoline is often exclusively used in older piston engines found in sports aircraft and tiny private planes that require high-octane leaded fuel. These standards are met by Avgas, which is a leaded gasoline with a 100 octane rating. Only avgas is used globally.
What can you substitute for kerosene?
Lamp-Specific Substitutes Lamps can be filled with generic lamp oil instead of kerosene. Lamp oil is typically more expensive than kerosene, but it burns cleaner and has a lower odor. Citronella oil can be used in wick lamps, although it produces more smoke and soot and fouls wicks more quickly.
Can you burn olive oil in a kerosene lamp?
There are numerous fuel options for oil lamps. There are numerous styles of oil lamps, just as there are numerous styles of oil lamps. Technically, any oil can be burned to produce light. National standards only approve a few oil lamp oils. Others, however, are worth mentioning. The list of permitted oil lamp fuels for use in cold blast oil lanterns and flat wick oil lamps can be found in Table 2.
In addition to lamp oil and kerosene (for more information on lamp oil vs. kerosene), some oil lamps are designed to run on olive oil, nut and seed oils, hemp oil, vegetable oil, fish oil, castor oil, and other permitted fuels. For a smokey light, use butter, tallow, or fish oil. Although sesame and peanut oils are popular for burning, olive oil is the cleanest burning oil. Although we do not recommend burning olive oil in a traditional kerosene lamp or lantern, you can create or retrofit your own olive oil lamp! Learn more about how to light an oil lamp with olive oil.
Kitchen vegetable oils, such as the ones indicated above, wick more slowly, necessitating a shorter wick distance between the burner and the oil. Traditional oil lamps and lanterns, especially those with 1/2″ or larger wicks, do not draw up enough oil.
The size of the wick, its distance from the oil, and the qualities of the oil, among other things, influence the quality of the lamp or lantern burn. When testing out new fuel oils and oil lamps, proceed with caution; investigate and experiment. We hope you enjoy science experiment pretexts as much as we do.
Citronella oil or tiki torch oil should not be used in kerosene lamps or lanterns. Citronella oil and tiki torch oil, on the other hand, may only be used in kerosene oil lamps and lanterns outside. These oils are intended to deter pests by producing smoke and hazardous particulates. When citronella or tiki torch oil is burned in a kerosene oil lamp, the wick soon deteriorates and is difficult to remove. Mix 50:50 kerosene for a cleaner burn.
What happens if you put gasoline in a kerosene heater?
If you acquire a portable kerosene heater, you’ll need to set aside time to purchase fuel, fuel the heater, and maintain it.
During the heating season, you’ll need to check the wick every week or two. Clean it according to the manufacturer’s recommendations if it’s unclean.
It’s also critical to clean up any kerosene spills right away to avoid a fire hazard, as well as to remove dust and grime on a regular basis.
Kerosene heaters require kerosene of the 1-K grade. When colored or cloudy kerosene is burned, it emits an odor, smoke, and increases indoor pollution levels due to the fuel’s higher sulphur content, which increases sulphur dioxide emissions dramatically. Also, kerosene that isn’t 1-K quality can clog the wick. Never use gasoline or camp stove fuel as a substitute. Such fuels could ignite a fire or explode in a kerosene heater.
Kerosene heaters should be placed several feet away from any furniture, curtains, documents, clothes, bedding, and other flammable things even while not in use to avoid the risk of fire.
Keep in mind that kerosene heaters have an open flame and should not be used in a room with flammable solvents, aerosol sprays, lacquers, gasoline, kerosene canisters, or any other sort of oil.
Parents of infants, toddlers, and young children, as well as pet owners, should be warned that touching any component of a running kerosene heater above the open flame can cause significant burns.
This is why safety cages have grown popular, as they are designed to keep small children and pets at a safe distance.
Never try to relocate a kerosene heater that is lit. Even a carrying handle has the potential to inflict a burn. Before relocating the heater, extinguish the flame and let it cool.
Also, never refuel a kerosene heater in a residential space or while it is still warm. Allow time for it to cool.
Kerosene heaters should be turned off before going to bed, according to fire officials. While the family is asleep, it is preferable to use your central heating system.
Which is cheaper kerosene or diesel?
The most common fuel oil is kerosene, followed by diesel fuel. Diesel has a larger paraffin/wax concentration and produces more BTUs (heat) than kerosene. Kerosene, on the other hand, is frequently utilized at extremely cold temperatures since it does not thicken as easily as diesel. During the winter months, some individuals add a little kerosene to their diesel fuel to reduce the temperature at which it solidifies. Due to the road fees that are added to the price of diesel fuel, kerosene is normally less expensive than diesel. Despite the fact that diesel fuel has more BTUs than kerosene, the latter burns cleaner.