As an electric vehicle driver, knowing how many miles of range you’re getting while your vehicle is charging is important so you know you’ll be able to travel to your next location.
- The range per hour depends on the efficiency of your vehicle. Small full-battery electric cars (such as the Renault Zoe) are the most efficient, with a charging rate of 7kW providing 30 miles of range per hour.
- The largest full-battery electric vehicles (such as the Audi e-tron Quattro) are heavier and have a range of about 20 miles per hour at 7kW. (Plug-in hybrids are typically inefficient compared to fully electric vehicles.)
- The efficiency of a car is also affected by external factors such as temperature. This means that in the summer, electric cars are more efficient and have a somewhat longer range per hour than in the winter.
What is a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV)?
A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (also known as a plug-in hybrid) is a vehicle that has both a gasoline engine and an electric motor. Both electricity and gasoline can be used to power it. A plug-in hybrid car is something like the Chevy Volt or the Ford C-MAX Energi. The majority of major automakers now provide or will soon offer plug-in hybrid vehicles.
What is an electric vehicle (EV)?
An electric vehicle, often known as a battery electric vehicle (BEV), is a car that runs solely on electricity and has an electric motor and battery. An electric vehicle is something like the Nissan Leaf or the Tesla Model S. Many automakers now or soon will provide plug-in hybrid vehicles.
What is a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV)?
Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) comprise both plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs), as well as any vehicle that can be plugged in. This category includes all of the models described above.
Why would I want to drive a PEV?
PEVs are, first and foremost, enjoyable to drive – more on that later. They’re also more environmentally friendly. Using electricity instead of gasoline allows PEVs to cut total vehicle emissions. Electricity emits fewer emissions per mile than gasoline in most locations of the United States, and in other areas, such as California, driving on electricity is MUCH cleaner than using gasoline. The power system in the United States is becoming cleaner every year as a result of the growing transition toward renewable energy sources. Most of the time, driving on electricity is also less expensive per mile than driving on gasoline.
Aren’t electric vehicles slow and boring, like golf-carts?
Nope! Although many golf carts are electric, an electric car does not have to operate in the same manner as a golf cart. Electric and plug-in hybrid cars are a lot of fun to drive because the electric motor can instantly deliver a lot of torque, allowing for quick and smooth acceleration. The Tesla Roadster, which can go from 0-60 mph in just 3.9 seconds, is one of the most extreme instances of how quick an electric vehicle can be.
How do you recharge a plug-in hybrid or an electric vehicle?
All electric vehicles come with a standard 120V charging cord that you can connect into your garage or carport, just like your laptop or cell phone. They can also charge using a 240V dedicated charging station. 240V is already available in many homes for electric clothes dryers. You may install a 240V charging station in your home and just connect your car into it. Thousands of 120V and 240V public charging stations may be found across the country, with a growing number of even higher-power fast-charging stations. Many electric vehicles, although not all, are equipped to accept a high-power quick charge.
How long does it take to recharge a plug-in vehicle?
It depends on the size of the battery and whether you use a standard 120V outlet, a 240V charging station, or a fast charger to charge it. Smaller plug-in hybrids can recharge in around 3 hours at 120V and 1.5 hours at 240V. Larger batteries in electric vehicles can take up to 20 hours to charge at 120V and 4-8 hours at 240V. Electric vehicles with fast-charging capabilities can get an 80 percent charge in around 20 minutes.
How far can I drive on a charge?
Plug-in hybrids can drive for 10 to 50 miles on electricity alone before switching to gasoline, and then for roughly 300 miles (depending on the size of the fuel tank, just like any other car). Most early electric vehicles (about 20112016) could travel about 100 miles before needing to be recharged. Current electric vehicles can travel roughly 250 miles on a single charge, however some, such as Teslas, can go up to 350 miles. Many automakers have declared intentions to release electric vehicles with increased range and faster charging times.
How much do these cars cost?
The price of today’s plug-in electric vehicles varies greatly depending on the type and manufacturer. To take advantage of special prices, many customers choose to lease their PEV. The majority of PEVs are eligible for federal tax benefits. Additional purchase incentives, rebates, and tax cuts are available in some states for these vehicles.
Are there any government rebates or tax breaks on these vehicles?
Yes, in a word. Our Resources page has further information on federal and state refunds, tax credits, and other incentives.
What happens to the battery when it dies?
Although there is still much to learn about recycling lithium-ion (li-ion) batteries used in plug-in electric vehicles, batteries can be recycled. Because there aren’t many batteries to recycle right now, there aren’t many companies that recycle spent lithium-ion vehicle batteries. We’re also looking into employing the batteries in a “second life” application once they’re no longer fit for use in vehicles at UC Davis’ PH&EV Research Center, and then recycling them after that.
How long does a battery in an electric car keep its charge?
On completely charged batteries, today’s EVs can travel between 150 and 300 miles, which is more than enough for casual drivers and long commutes.
The size of the battery, and thus the range, varies from model to model. For example, a lower-cost EV with a smaller 40kWh battery may be able to go up to 150 miles, whereas a more expensive Tesla with a huge 100kWh battery may be able to travel up to 375 miles. Manufacturers are constantly seeking for new methods to expand their product lines, so expect to see developments in this area in the near future.
Given that the average travel length in the UK is 6.8 miles and the average trip time is 23.3 minutes (Carwow), most drivers shouldn’t be concerned about EV range.
According to Carwow data, the average electric car in the UK can travel up to 200.23 miles on a single charge, which means you could make almost 8 trips before needing to refuel, and even drive as far as London to Leeds before needing to recharge.
How often should an electric car be charged?
We’ve been taught to think about recharge times since the only way to get energy into a petrol car is to stand on a wet, greasy forecourt with a hose. Energy can be put into an EV when we sleep, work, or go shopping. Even if we don’t go shopping for eight hours, there will be enough juice to go us a reasonable distance. After all, you frequently see people filling up their cars with a tenner’s worth of gas.
Slow charging is the Cinderella of the electric vehicle world. But it’s important. The quick DC roadside stops are the focal point of the recharging times. Let’s imagine you buy an electric vehicle with a range of 250 miles. Now look at a map and observe how often you go more than 250 miles from home in one trip. A couple times a year for the majority of us. When that happens, you’ll need a quick charge of less than 45 minutes. Slow charging is OK the rest of the time.
Most electric-car drivers, it turns out, don’t bother plugging in every night, or even fully charge their vehicles. People have routine driving patterns, and if that means driving 40 or 50 miles per day, a couple of plug-ins each week is plenty. In addition, an increasing number of stores and town centers are installing free chargers to entice EV users to visit.
What happens if the battery in my electric car runs out?
If you’re driving an electric car and it runs out of juice, the short answer is that it will stopand you’ll need to call for roadside assistance to be towed to a charging station.
Is it true that electric cars pay for themselves?
The cost of fuel is one of the most significant day-to-day savings. Electric vehicles cost less than half as much to operate as gas-powered automobiles, according to a 2018 study from the University of Michigan. In the United States, the average cost of operating an electric vehicle is $485 per year, compared to $1,117 for a gasoline-powered vehicle.
Electricity rates are significantly more consistent than gasoline prices, on top of the cost savings. Fuel prices have fluctuated between $1.50 and $4.00 per gallon during the last ten years. Electric car owners, on the other hand, paid around $1.20 for the same distance traveled over the same time period. Fueling an electric automobile is more cost-effective and predictable with a regular energy rate.
When electric automobiles are parked, do they lose their charge?
Although the amount of charge lost by electric vehicles when parked is little, it adds up over time. According to Green Car Reports, you should charge your battery to at least 80% before parking your car. However, all EV experts agree that the vehicle’s battery must be at least 50% charged before being stored.
Is charging an electric car at home expensive?
For starters, there are thousands of chargers strewn over the United States. Finding somewhere rural enough that there isn’t one nearby requires some work. The majority of those chargers are Level 2 connectors, which are free to use. So, with a little forethought, patience, and luck, you might be able to lower your annual gasoline expense to zero. Nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing, nothing Many others bill by the hour, with rates ranging from $1 to $2 per hour. With a rate of $2 per hour and a speed of 30 km per hour, a 100 km drive will cost around $5.
Pay-per-use pricing The charge of Level 3 varies a lot. You’re charged based on time, but the amount of charge your vehicle can receive in that period varies depending on temperature, charge level, and other factors. We’re not going into great detail on L3 charging because of this variability, and because multiple studies have shown that 80 percent or more of charging is done at home. A 50-kW fast charger, on the other hand, will add around 100 kilometers of range in around 20 minutes for around $4.50. At a cost of less than $3, a 350-kW charger, the fastest now available, can add 100 kilometers in as little as four minutes.
How long does an electric car last?
You should anticipate your electric vehicle to last as least as long as a conventional vehicle, whether you buy new or old. And, with proper care and maintenance, you may drive it for another 200,000 miles or more before it’s time to retire!
Is it possible to charge an electric car while driving?
The quick answer to your question is no, electric cars can’t charge while driving right now. This is because your electric car must be physically hooked into a charging port to be charged.
Is it acceptable to charge an electric vehicle on a daily basis?
You should not charge your electric car every night in general. In most circumstances, it isn’t required. The habit of charging an electric vehicle every night can reduce the battery pack’s lifespan.