What State Has The Most Natural Gas?

The United States produced over 33.5 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of dry natural gas in 2020, an average of roughly 91.5 billion cubic feet per day and the second-highest annual volume ever recorded. 1/!- Horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing techniques, particularly in shale, sandstone, carbonate, and other tight geologic formations, have accounted for the majority of production increases since 2005. Onshore and offshore natural gas and oil wells, as well as coal beds, produce natural gas. Dry natural gas output in the United States was around 10% higher than total natural gas consumption in 2020.

Because of a drop in drilling activity due to low natural gas and oil prices, which was largely the result of a drop in demand due to the response to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as increased recovery of natural gas plant liquids from marketed natural gas, US dry natural gas production in 2020 was 0.4 Tcf lower than in 2019.

In 2020, five of the 34 natural gas-producing states produced roughly 69 percent of total dry natural gas production in the United States.


  • The following are the top five natural gas-producing states in the United States, as well as their share of total natural gas production in 2020:

What are the top five states that produce natural gas?

There are 32 states that produce natural gas. Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Wyoming, and Louisiana are the largest producers, accounting for more than half of all natural gas produced in the United States.

Why does Texas produce such a large amount of natural gas?

Texas is the nation’s natural gas production leader, with over 23% of the country’s natural gas reserves. Natural gas, which consists largely of methane (CH4), is a more environmentally benign fuel than oil. Because methane is a nonreactive hydrocarbon, it does not react with sunlight to produce smog.

Natural gas is used to heat homes, generate power, and fuel vehicles. Plastics, medications, fertilizers, and dyes all use it as a raw ingredient. Natural gas accounts for 22 percent of America’s energy use, according to the US Department of Energy.

Natural gas was first discovered in Texas as a by-product of the oil industry. Gas output began to rise as oil production and exploration expanded, reaching a peak in 1972 with a total of 9.6 trillion cubic feet generated annually in Texas. With the discovery of large natural gas fields such as the Newark East field in North-Central Texas, the Carthage field in East Texas, the Panhandle, West field in the Anadarko Basin, and the Giddings field in the Gulf Coast Basin, Texas has maintained a constant level of natural gas output. An expanding number of production wells, which are already at an all-time high, have also helped keep Texas natural gas production levels up. Natural gas, rather than oil, is now the focus of many of Texas’ new exploration and production initiatives.

The majority of natural gas production in the United States takes place in Texas and the Gulf of Mexico. According to a research conducted by the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), Oil and Gas Journal, and World Oil, the United States has 3% of the world’s total natural gas reserves. Nearly half of the production in this 3% occurs in Texas and Louisiana. The Barnett Shale, located in the Bend Arch-Fort Worth Basin in north central Texas, is the state’s largest onshore natural gas field.

According to the EIA, the number of natural gas production plants in Texas fell between 2004 and 2009 (contrary to national trends), while the average capacity per plant grew. Texas has 163 natural gas production plants, producing an average of 19.7 billion cubic feet of natural gas per day, making it the greatest processing capacity in the country.

Texas Gas Service, Gateway Energy Corporation, and West Texas Gas, Inc. are natural gas distributors in the state.

Texas’ economy continues to rely heavily on natural gas. The oil and natural gas business employed more than 312,000 Texans (3.1 percent of the state’s workforce) in 2006. The industry represents for 14.9 percent of Texas’ gross state product ($159.3 billion).

How long will natural gas reserves in the United States last?

According to the US Energy Information Administration’s Annual Energy Outlook 2022, there were approximately 2,926 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) of technically recoverable resources (TRR) of dry natural gas in the United States as of January 1, 2020. If dry natural gas output in the United States remains constant at around 30 Tcf in 2020, the country will have enough dry natural gas to last roughly 98 years. The length of time the TRR will last is determined by the amount of dry natural gas produced and future changes in natural gas TRR.

Proven reserves and unproven resources are included in technically recoverable reserves. The projected amounts predicted to be produced with reasonable certainty under current economic and operating conditions are known as proved reserves of crude oil and natural gas. Unproved crude oil and natural gas resources are amounts that are anticipated to be theoretically recoverable without regard to economics or operating circumstances, based on current technology. According to the EIA, the United States had 464 Tcf of proved reserves and 2,460 Tcf of unproved reserves of dry natural gas as of January 1, 2020.

TRR estimates are very speculative, especially in areas where few wells have been drilled. As new geological knowledge is gathered through more drilling, long-term productivity for existing wells is clarified, and the productivity of new wells grows with technical advances and better management techniques, early estimations tend to vary and shift dramatically over time. TRR projections for each Annual Energy Outlook are based on the most recent well production statistics as well as information from other federal and state government agencies, industry, and academia.

Table 2 shows the technically recoverable dry natural gas resources in the United States as of January 1, 2022.

Reference case forecasts for annual dry natural gas output in the United States out to 2050 in the Annual Energy Outlook.

Other FAQs about Natural Gas

  • A kilowatthour of electricity is generated using how much coal, natural gas, or petroleum?
  • How much does it cost to produce electricity using various power plants?
  • How much of the carbon dioxide produced in the United States is due to power generation?
  • Is the EIA able to provide data on energy use and prices for cities, counties, or zip codes?
  • What are the differences between Ccf, Mcf, Btu, and therms? What is the best way to convert natural gas costs from dollars per Ccf or Mcf to dollars per Btu or therm?
  • In the Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report, how does EIA determine the year-ago and five-year averages?
  • Does the EIA provide state-by-state estimates or projections for energy output, consumption, and prices?
  • Why am I paying more for heating oil or propane than what is listed on the EIA website?
  • Is the EIA aware of any unplanned disruptions or shutdowns of energy infrastructure in the United States?

What is the world’s largest gas field?

In the Persian Gulf, the South Pars/North Dome field is a natural-gas condensate field. It is by far the world’s largest natural gas field, and it is jointly owned by Iran and Qatar. The field includes an estimated 1,800 trillion cubic feet (51 trillion cubic metres) of in-situ natural gas and 50 billion barrels (7.9 billion cubic metres) of natural gas condensates, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA). It possesses nearly as much recoverable reserves as the rest of the natural gas fields put together. It wields tremendous geostrategic clout.

This gas field spans 9,700 square kilometers (3,700 square miles), with 3,700 square kilometers (1,400 square miles) in Iranian territorial seas and 6,000 square kilometers (2,300 square miles) in Qatari territorial waters (South Pars).

What is America’s largest oil field?

On Alaska’s North Slope, the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field is a significant oil field. It is North America’s largest oil field, comprising 213,543 acres (86,418 hectares) and contains around 25 billion barrels (4.0109 m3) of oil at its peak.

What is the name of America’s largest natural gas company?

Exxon Mobil is the world’s largest oil company.

For the previous 5 years, it has been ranked either No. 1 or No. 2 in the US market, making it one of the largest firms in the world. Exxon Mobil generates about 50% more natural gas than Chesapeake Energy, its closest competitor.

  • 8.9 billion barrels of oil and 78.8 trillion cubic feet of natural gas are held in global reserves.

Where in the United States are the most oil wells?

PADD 3 (Gulf Coast), which covers the federal offshore zone in the Gulf of Mexico, is the greatest oil producing PADD in the United States, reflecting the fact that Texas is by far the largest oil producing state in the country. In the country, there are approximately 650 active oil and gas rigs.

Where does the United States receive its natural gas?

By 2021, Canada would account for nearly all of the United States’ total annual natural gas imports, with pipelines accounting for nearly all of them. CNG was imported by truck in limited quantities from Canada, accounting for less than 1% of total natural gas imports. LNG accounted for only 1% of total US natural gas imports, with Trinidad and Tobago accounting for 99 percent. Imports of natural gas into the United States are typically at their greatest in the winter, when imports help meet increased natural gas demand for heating.

In 2021, how much natural gas will be left in the world?

Based on current natural gas production rates and known natural gas reserves, we have approximately 52.8 years of natural gas reserves remaining.

Who is the world’s leading oil producer?

  • Oil production continues to play an important part in the global economy, despite continued expansion in renewable energy.
  • The United States, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Canada, and China are the top five oil-producing countries, according to the latest recent data.
  • In 2013, the United States became the world’s top producer of petroleum liquids, and in 2018, it became the world’s top crude producer.
  • Western sanctions have limited Russia’s production, but its weight in the global oil market has grown since it created the OPEC+ coalition with Saudi Arabia and other major suppliers.
  • China’s oil production accounts for slightly over a third of the country’s total consumption. As a result, it has become the world’s largest petroleum importer.