The board of directors can enter into a contract for bulk services without a vote of the membership, even if the association has not previously given such help. Because this law was enacted in 2011, there may be some area for debate about whether it applies retroactively to communities established before to that year.
What is the meaning of a bulk agreement?
Bulk Contracts are those with Commercial Customers that provide for the provision of services to all units in the Commercial Customer’s Property and a monthly payment to Borrower from such Commercial Customer covering all units in the Property, regardless of whether the Consumer Customer or resident in the Property.
What is the difference between bulk cable and Internet?
The majority of citizens value fast, dependable internet connectivity in their homes. Some even want this to be extended to communal spaces, with the expectation that the neighborhood association will provide some more wireless connectivity. Bulk Service Agreements are increasingly being used by Condo Associations and even some traditional Homeowner Associations to give a cost-benefit to homeowners and the association when it comes to these vital services. It is critical to be informed of your options as a board member, as well as the potential impact these agreements may have on homeowners’ personal service contracts.
WHAT IS A “BULK CABLE & INTERNET CONTRACT”?
To begin, you must first comprehend what a bulk cable and internet contract entails. Simply put, this is a contract between a HOA or condominium organization and a provider for the delivery of cable and internet services to all community members. Typically, these services are utilized to provide phone, internet, cable, and other broadband services to a community. This means that every unit in a condo or community is covered by a single cable and internet provider under a bulk cable and internet contract.
BASIC BENEFITS OF A BULK CABLE AND INTERNET CONTRACT
A significant benefit of a bulk internet agreement is that it provides a lower cost for consumers who use these services than the regular retail pricing. An internet service provider (ISP) obtains “backbone” connectivity while wiring a multiple dwelling unit (MDU) property for internet. This is the pipe that allows the internet to function.
Because the service provider may spread the expense of providing backbone connectivity across numerous clients, a bulk cable and internet agreement can assist unit owners save money. As a result, each member in a neighborhood can save money on their monthly internet bill compared to if they had signed a separate contract.
Connection speeds that are faster
Bulk internet contracts are well-known for providing faster connection speeds. When compared to ordinary consumer broadband connections, this means that downloading and uploading speeds are substantially faster and enhanced. As a result, video chatting and movie streaming are significantly more convenient. Furthermore, everyone in a building can access the internet at the same time without being limited by bandwidth or experiencing internet slowdowns.
Customer service of higher grade
Another advantage is that you will receive better customer service than if each unit had their own individual agreement. Consider how a community might come together as a result of a bulk internet agreement since it has its own, private internet network. This allows a company to respond to repairs more quickly than if they only had to deal with one consumer. As a result, every homeowner now has access to a more inexpensive and enhanced internet service.
The inability to turn off services temporarily
When residents, such as snowbirds, are away from their homes for several weeks or months, they will be unable to turn off their television services. Even if they aren’t using the services, they must pay for them because they are covered by a bulk agreement. Other services, on the other hand, can be turned off while you’re away from home.
There is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all solution.
It’s impossible for one provider to satisfy everyone in a community because everyone has diverse tastes. While some individuals prefer satellite television, others would rather have cable television.
You don’t need a television to watch television shows.
You can now get TV signals from cable and satellite TV companies over your phone line or the internet, thanks to advancements in modern technology. Some homeowners don’t even have or utilize a television to watch television. Many people, for example, rely on services like Netflix to watch television and movies. Even if someone does not utilize cable or satellite service, they are required to pay for it under a bulk cable and internet agreement.
OTHER CONSIDERATIONS AND WARNINGS
- Whether or not to have a bulk cable contract depends on how the contract is structured and whether or not the owners are on board with the decision.
- Consider the Wifi restrictions in your area.
- Another element to consider when deciding if buying bulk cable and internet is a good or poor idea is the incremental rate increases.
- Consider that a yearly rate increase of more than 4% is likely excessive.
Are you a member of the board of directors interested in learning more about the benefits of having bulk internet or cable contracts? You can rely on RealManage for all of your HOA board needs.
Is it true that shorter Ethernet cables are faster?
Is data transferred faster over a short ethernet cable? Unless you need to run an ethernet connection for more than 100 meters, the cable length should have no effect on data throughput.
What is the best way to crimp Ethernet connectors?
Category 5e or CAT5e Ethernet Cable in Bulk (Category 6 or CAT6 cabling, which has better performance criteria and is around 20% more expensive than CAT5e, is also an option.)
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The two kinds of Ethernet cables you can make
Straight through and crossover Ethernet connections are the two types of Ethernet cables available.
Straight through Ethernet cables, sometimes known as ‘patch cables,’ are the most common type of cable used for practically all applications. It is strongly advised that you duplicate the color order indicated on the left. The green pair, unlike the other pairings, is not side-by-side. Longer wire runs are possible with this setup.
Without the need of a router, switch, or hub, crossover Ethernet connections connect one computer or device to another.
How to make a standard cable
Cut around one inch (2.5 cm) from the cut cable’s end into the plastic sheath. The crimping tool contains a razor blade that, with practice, will do the task.
Straighten the wires by pinching them between your fingers as indicated. It’s critical to get the color order right.
From the cut sleeve to the end of the wires, make a straight cut with scissors across the eight wires to shorten them to half an inch (1.3 cm).
Push all eight unstripped colored wires into the connector with caution. Take note of the blue plastic sleeve’s location. It’s also worth noting how the cables go all the way to the conclusion.
The view from the apex. All of the cables have been inserted completely. There are no short wires in the system.
This is the incorrect method. It’s worth noting that the blue plastic sleeve isn’t fixed into place inside the connector. The wires are very lengthy. Only half an inch of wire should protrude from the blue cut sleeve.
This is the incorrect method. Note how the wires do not extend all the way to the connector’s end.
The cable is being crimped. Place the connector into the Ethernet crimper with care and tighten the handles. The connector’s copper splicing tabs will puncture each of the eight wires. There’s also a locking tab on the blue plastic sleeve that keeps it in place for a tight compression fit. That end of the cable is ready to use once you take it from the crimper.
Repeat all steps and wire color order on the opposite end of the cable for a standard’straight through’ cable. The other end of a crossover cable will have a different color arrangement, as indicated in the crossover diagram above.
Before you install the cables, make sure you test them. This is easily accomplished with a low-cost Ethernet cable tester.
CAT-5, CAT-5e, and CAT-6 Ethernet cables have a maximum cable length of 328 feet (100 meters).
Which tool is used to test the most cable wiring?
The most practical instrument for examining and analyzing network cable wirings is a network cable tester. This is due to the fact that testers can precisely detect and verify the electric connections that flow through the cord network.
Cable testers can perform preliminary test runs for extended connections in addition to inspecting the network’s cable wirings. This determines whether the cord is properly attached and operating.
In essence, network cable testers aid in the improvement of overall connection performance.
Is it possible to hack Ethernet?
The LANtenna attack is similar in that it uses malware on an air-gapped workstation to cause electromagnetic emissions from the Ethernet connection in the 125 MHz frequency bands, which are then manipulated and collected by a nearby radio receiver. Data transferred from an air-gapped PC through its Ethernet wire was received at a distance of 200 cm in a proof-of-concept demonstration.
To trigger the infection, as with other data leakage attacks of this type, the malware must be deployed on the target network via one of several infection vectors, which range from supply chain attacks or contaminated USB drives to social engineering techniques, stolen credentials, or the use of malicious insiders.
The researchers propose banning radio receivers in and around air-gapped networks, monitoring network interface card link layer activity for any covert channel, jamming the signals, and using metal shielding to prevent electromagnetic fields from interfering with or emanating from the shielded wires as countermeasures.
The researchers wrote in the report, “This paper indicates that attackers can use Ethernet cables to exfiltrate data from air-gapped networks.” “Malware installed on a secured desktop, laptop, or embedded device can trigger a variety of network activities, resulting in electromagnetic emissions from Ethernet connections.”
Dr. Guri continued, “Dedicated and pricey antennas offer better distance and could reach tens of meters with some cables.”
What is the difference between CAT 5 and CAT 6 classifications?
Cat6 cables feature stricter performance criteria and much faster data transfer speeds over longer distances than Cat5/5e lines. They’re thicker and more tightly wound than Cat5 cables, with thicker cable conductors and sheaths.