Can Solar Panels Replace Fossil Fuels?

Carbon Tracker claims that “the fossil fuel era is over” based on the findings. Solar and wind power could price fossil fuels out of the world’s electricity markets by the mid-2030s if current growth rates continue, and could completely replace fossil fuels by 2050, according to the report.

Why isn’t solar energy capable of displacing fossil fuels?

After 50 years of subsidies, solar and wind technology generates less than 1% of the world’s energyyet, because the sun and wind provide only intermittent electricity, fossil fuel backups are still required.

Because solar and wind power are weather-dependent, it is difficult to get reliable power from either. This is especially true in Ireland, where the weather is unpredictable. This necessitates the use of energy storage (which is currently not cost effective) or the use of traditional fossil fuels or nuclear power to supplement.

“Remember this while you observe the jagged and pathetically insufficient bursts of electricity generated by solar and wind: some reliable source of energy was required to do the hard job. Coal accounts for a large portion of Germany’s energy. Germany has spent tens of billions of euros subsidizing solar panels and windmills, but fossil fuel capacity, particularly coal, has expanded. Why? Because Germans require more energy and are unable to rely on renewable sources.” (According to Alex Epstein)

“It is determined that, while the above calculations are neither exact or reliable, their magnitudes indicate that meeting a 1000 EJ/yr energy objective for 2050 from alternative energy sources will be impossible within safe greenhouse gas emission levels… Without substantial changes in social, economic, political, and cultural systems, such a goal would be impossible to realize.” (Ted Instructor)

Much of the discussion on renewables focuses on ‘current’ energy demands, despite the fact that future energy demand is forecast to double by 2050.”

The important question is whether renewables will be able to supply future energy demand in a society that is adamantly devoted to unrestricted growth “Living standards” and “economic output” are two terms that are sometimes used interchangeably.

This commitment’s ridiculousness is simply demonstrated. If a population of 9 billion people were to rise to the top of the world, “Given 3% annual economic growth, the “living standards” we will have in 2070 in rich countries would be 60 times greater than it is now! It is concluded that the investment costs associated with generating the whole world’s energy supply from renewable sources would be prohibitively expensive. We can only achieve complete reliance on renewable energy if we shift to lifestyles and systems that consume a fraction of the current rich world’s per capita energy usage.

Renewables could meet about a quarter of a country’s energy needs, but much of the generating capacity would have to be duplicated in the form of fossil or nuclear plants for use when there isn’t enough sun or wind; and the amount of coal used would continue to exceed safe greenhouse gas emission limits.”

Renewable energies, as previously said, have restrictions, however they vary depending on the type of renewable energy being discussed. The limits of each are listed below.

– Photovoltaic (or PV) solar energy is intermittent. Its ability to contribute to the broad use of renewable energy is limited without the ability to store huge amounts of energy. Even if it becomes cheaper than fossil fuels, its main drawback is that it can only power things for around 16 hours each day, or for several days in a row if the weather is cloudy. It can send surpluses from home roofs and other sources into a coal-fired grid (although at a high cost), while taking power from that grid at night. However, this only works if a large number of coal or nuclear power reactors are continuously operating to operate as a gigantic generator “PV surpluses can be sent into a “battery.”

– Solar thermal power plants must be built in the Sahara. While they can store energy as heat to generate and transmit electricity when needed, their biggest limitation is significant transmission losses, and the magnitude of this type of renewable energy’s potential is uncertain, particularly in the winter, when output is typically about 20% of summer output. This means solar thermal systems will have to be positioned in the world’s warmest regions, will need to be supplied by lengthy transmission lines to major demand centers, and will not be able to make a significant contribution in the winter.

To meet their liquid and gas needs, each person on the planet would require around 2.6 hectares of land devoted solely to biomass production (in the form of ethanol net, not primary energy amount.) We would require 24 billion hectares of biomass crops to feed the estimated 9 billion people on the planet by 2060.

The overall land area of the planet is 13 billion hectares, but the total forest, agricultural, and pasture area is only approximately 8 billion hectares, almost all of which is currently extensively exploited. If we change the aforementioned assumptions, there is no way to explain how everyone could ever have something like the current rich world’s biomass-based liquid fuel consumption.

Are solar panels more environmentally friendly than fossil fuels?

Solar energy is a clean, emission-free, and sustainable energy source for your home. Home solar, unlike fossil fuels like coal and natural gas, does not emit harmful pollutants or greenhouse gas emissions, such as carbon dioxide, into the air and water supplies. 2

Solar can save more than 25,000 lives and save $167 billion in health and environmental losses by reducing air pollution.

3 In New York, switching to renewable energy sources such as solar panels can save the equivalent of almost 5,000 pounds of coal and the associated carbon emissions. 4

The potential of home solar is enormous. We could power the entire world for a year if we could capture all of the solar energy on the earth for only one hour. 5 When you lower your carbon footprint, you’re assisting in the reduction of harmful emissions caused by the burning of fossil fuels. Renewable energy technologies are essential for a cleaner, brighter future for everyone.

Increases home value

Another benefit of home solar and batteries is that they raise the value of your home. Solar panels increase the value of a home by 4.1 percent on average across the United States. That means a $500,000 home may see a $20,500 rise in value. 6

Although specific figures vary depending on the installation and location, current studies show that each kilowatt of solar panels added increases the resale value by $4,020 to $5,911 on average.


The cost of a typical rooftop solar installation and battery is typically recouped in the sale price of a home. Additionally, homeowners that invest in solar are rewarded with lower energy bills and favorable tax advantages that can pay the cost of the system multiple times throughout the warranty period.

The amount of time a solar-powered home spends on the market varies greatly by region. Solar panels will speed up the sale of your home by 20% compared to homes without solar panels. 8

The figures speak for themselves: solar panels for your home are a wise investment. Property values often improve dramatically whether you’re remodeling your home for a future sale or making it your lifelong home.

Qualifies for tax breaks and cash incentives

Many customers opt for third-party ownership of solar and batteries, which allows them to enjoy all of the system’s benefits for a minimal monthly fee. Others, on the other hand, prefer to purchase their systems outright. Solar panels cost between $16,200 to $21,420.9 on average. Because of the federal solar tax credit, local rebates, net metering, and other incentives, you may be able to cover a significant portion of the cost of your solar PV system and potentially pay it off in a relatively short period of time, depending on where you reside.

SRECs, or solar renewable energy credits, can help homeowners get a return on their solar investment. Some jurisdictions have enacted a Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS), which mandates electric companies to source a part of their energy from renewable sources such as household solar. Electric companies can acquire solar credits from home solar energy systems to achieve the RPS. Home solar system owners can sell SRECs to the electric company through an aggregator like SRECTrade, which combines and sells their SRECs.

When your solar system produces surplus electricity, it is delivered back to the grid, and the electric company must purchase it from you. Customers who sell excess energy to the electric provider can then utilize the money to reduce their overall electric cost. They can also use these energy credits during periods when their electricity consumption exceeds their solar production, such as on a cloudy day or at night.

If you buy your own home solar system outright after 2020, you’ll be eligible for the federal tax credit. The tax credit can cut the cost of a solar installation by 26%, including the cost of solar batteries. 10,11 That implies that if you buy a 6-kilowatt system for $18,300, you’ll end up paying $12,810 after the tax credit.

In 2021, the federal solar tax credit will be reduced to 22 percent. The tax credit is set to be phased away after 2021. As a result, now is the perfect moment to go solar.

States and communities, in addition to the federal solar investment tax credit, may offer cash rebates for your solar system to help you save even more money. The solar tax credit will differ in magnitude from state to state. To find tax credits and rebates in your area, go to the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSRE).

Performance-based incentives, or PBIs, may exist in your state or with your energy company. A PBI compensates you for the electricity your solar system generates. When your system is installed, the incentive rate is set. 12 Rather than paying you up front, a PBI is calculated depending on the amount of electricity your solar system produces over time. A typical type of PBI is a feed-in tariff (FIT). 13

Exemptions from property or sales taxes may be available in your state or municipality. Households are aware of the significance of property tax exemptions. Solar panels can improve the value of your property by up to $15,000 on average, so if you decide to sell, you’ll receive even more bang for your dollars. 14 Depending on your state’s sales tax rate, a sales tax exemption could save you a lot of money when you buy a solar system.

Costs have fallen

Solar panels for homes have become significantly less expensive in recent years, with prices dropping by more than 70% in only the previous decade. 15 The cost of household solar batteries has also decreased significantly. 16


The cost of purchasing a solar system is relatively expensive at first. Solar panels, inverters, batteries, wiring, and installation are all included in this cost. Nonetheless, because solar technology is continually improving, it’s realistic to predict that prices will continue to fall in the future.


Although solar energy can be collected during overcast and rainy days, the solar system’s efficiency is reduced. Solar panels must be exposed to sunlight in order to collect solar energy. As a result, a couple of overcast, rainy days can have a significant impact on the energy system. It’s also important to remember that solar energy cannot be collected at night.

Thermodynamic panels, on the other hand, are an option to consider if you need your water heating solution to work at night or during the winter.

Check out our video for a breakdown of how effective solar panels are in the winter:

Is it possible to get rid of fossil fuels?

The evidence is clear: if we want to escape the worst effects of the climate crisis, we can’t keep burning coal, oil, and gas. In the next decade, we must take radical steps to phase out fossil fuel production and transition to a 100 percent renewable energy economy.

We may lower the chance of intense heat waves, heavy precipitation, droughts, sea-level rise, polar melting, expanding health risks, and other dangerous climate impacts around the world if we can keep global warming to 1.5C (2.7F) above pre-industrial levels.

2] In the United States, the climate problem is already affecting “community vulnerabilities” and posing “growing challenges to human health and safety, quality of life, and economic growth.” According to studies, if nothing is done to reduce emissions, climate change will cost the United States $500 billion per year by 2090.

To keep global warming below 1.5C, we’ll need to take drastic measures over the next decade. We must reduce global warming greenhouse gas pollution “by around 45 percent from 2010 levels by 2030” and achieve net-zero emissions by 2050. Because we are responsible for a big amount of historical emissions, the United States can and should reduce emissions even more quickly.

Every new ton of greenhouse gas emissions brings global temperatures closer to the 1.5C limit, and our “carbon budget” refers to the amount of carbon we may emit without exceeding that limit. The remaining budget will be depleted in approximately 12-15 years if current emissions rates continue. Despite this, fossil fuel companies have identified about five times more oil, gas, and coal reserves than we can afford to consume while staying within 1.5C of global warming. The quantity of carbon discovered in current fossil fuel extraction projects (known as “developed reserves”) is already enough to raise global temperatures to catastrophic levels.

Why is solar energy more environmentally friendly than fossil fuels?

Wind farms generate electricity when it’s windy, and solar farms generate electricity when it’s sunny, resulting in energy supply unpredictability. However, utilities and grid operators can and do control this through operational methods, forecasting, responsive loads, and infrastructure like storage and transmission. Electricity networks are already intended to manage variability because they are designed to address unpredictability in customers’ electricity use, maintain continuous balance between output and demand, and keep reserves for any form of system interruption (e.g., power plant failure). Grids, on the other hand, must be updated over time to be more flexible, to incorporate increasing amounts of wind and solar, and to deal the increased fluctuation that comes with a greater reliance on renewables. Increased storage and transmission investments, as well as market reforms, can help.

Every year, grid operators throughout the world manage more wind and solar energy. On an annual average basis, operators in California, the Southwest, and Texas used about 20% or more of their energy from wind and solar, and in excess of 50-60% on an hourly basis. Several European countries, like Denmark (139 percent), Germany (89 percent), and Ireland (89 percent), have achieved even higher hourly penetrations of wind and solar (88 percent ).

Battery storage is economically viable to address the variability of wind and solar and can help reduce emissions.

While pumped hydro storage facilities now provide the majority of energy storage, the use of battery energy storage is quickly expanding due to its increasing cost competitiveness. Between 2010 and 2018, the price of lithium-ion energy storage systems dropped by as much as 85 percent. With round-trip efficiency of 85-90 percent, batteries are efficient energy carriers. They produce no additional GHG emissions if they are powered by renewable energy sources.

Batteries can help the grid with a range of tasks, including smoothing the fluctuation of wind and solar power. The back-up or standby power that the film implies must come from backup gas or coal-fired generators can be provided through storage. Higher levels of wind and solar on the grid, less need for gas and coal, and fewer emissions will result from using batteries to replace fossil fuel backup.

Of course, four-hour discharge batteries cannot meet all power-system requirements.

Long-duration storage alternatives are needed and are being worked on as part of the toolkit for a reliable, cheap, low-carbon power system.

Wind and solar projects can operate for decades and can be developed more rapidly than other generation sources.

Before they need to be replaced or repaired, all power plants and their components have a “useful life.” Renewable energy plants can have a usable life of more than two decades. For example, wind turbines are expected to last roughly 20 years, and photovoltaic systems can last anywhere from 25 to 40 years. As huge wind turbines grow more efficient and cost-effective, equipment turnover has accelerated in some cases. Smaller turbines have been replaced earlier than they may have been with larger, more efficient turbines in many circumstances, resulting in a significant increase in energy generation at existing locations.

Furthermore, renewable energy plants are often more quickly deployed than fossil fuel plants. While solar and onshore wind farms are often completed in less than two years, gas-fired power facilities can take up to four years to complete and may require the development of gas pipeline infrastructure.

Renewables generate more energy than is used in their production, and produce fewer emissions than other power sources over their lifetime.

While all sources of electricity emit some greenhouse gases over their lifetime, renewable energy sources emit far less than fossil-fuel-fired power plants. According to one study, renewable energy sources emit roughly 50 grams of CO2 per kWh or less over their lifetime, compared to about 1000 grams of CO2/kWh for coal and 475 grams of CO2/kWh for natural gas. The majority of fossil generators’ lifecycle emissions come from fuel combustion, but they also arise from raw materials extraction, construction, fuel processing, plant operation, and facility decommissioning.

While solar panels need a significant amount of energy to create, studies have shown that they can offset the energy used in production after two years of operation, depending on the module type. Toxic elements such as lead, silver, and cadmium are present in both crystalline silicon and thin-film solar panels; consequently, efforts to address correct disposal methods and module recycling, such as that practiced in Europe and by First Solar in the United States, must be increased.

Electric vehicles reduce emissions substantially.

In recent years, the electrification of passenger vehicles has accelerated, with more than 1 million electric vehicles (EVs) already on the road in the United States. According to several assessments, the number of electric vehicles on the road might reach 20 million by 2030, with over 4 million in California alone.

EVs are two to three times more efficient than conventional internal combustion vehicles and emit no tailpipe emissions, resulting in significant reductions in emissions and associated health advantages. They do, however, emit GHGs during the stages of fuel generation, car manufacturing, and vehicle use. According to studies, the electricity consumed in battery manufacturing and assembly facilities accounts for almost half of all EV battery lifecycle emissions. Further, an EV’s net carbon impact relies on the electricity required to charge it.

Many cities and organizations across the country are switching their car fleets to electric vehicles and have committed to using 100 percent renewable electricity to meet demand. However, as we point out in a recent WRI paper, new solutions are still required to make it easier for customers to charge their electric vehicles using renewables. Manufacturing EV batteries in facilities fueled by renewable energy has the potential to reduce an EV’s whole lifecycle emissions.

Private sector investment in clean energy is critical to lowering GHG emissions.

For the economy to shift in the direction of lower GHG emissions, financial risk and reward must be aligned with low-carbon energy investments. Climate change will be more difficult, more expensive, and time-consuming to address without significant private sector investment in renewable energy. The majority of ownership and investment in electric infrastructure in the United States comes from the private sector, unlike in many other nations where energy suppliers, especially in the electric sector, are publicly held corporations. Shifting private investment to renewables and other carbon-free energy sources makes sense and can be a safe bet.

Renewable energy isn’t without flaws. There isn’t a single form of energy that isn’t. However, people all around the world require electricity, and developing renewable energy sources is preferable to continuing to rely on dirty fossil fuels. Renewable energy is an important part of the solution to the urgent and significant global challenge of climate change, but it is not the only one.

Is solar energy less expensive than fossil fuels?

According to the International Renewable Energy Agency, roughly two-thirds of the wind, solar, and other renewables that came online in 2020 were cheaper than the cheapest new fossil fuel (IRENA). This is more than double the 2019 corresponding share. Renewable energy is becoming more affordable.

Is solar energy the most environmentally friendly renewable resource?

Solar power is the conversion of solar energy into thermal or electrical energy. Solar energy is the cleanest and most prolific renewable energy source, and the United States boasts some of the world’s most abundant solar resources. Solar energy can be used for a variety of purposes, including generating electricity, lighting or creating a comfortable interior environment, and heating water for household, commercial, or industrial use.