Kinetic energy is the energy converted from wind energy. Next it is sent in one of two directions. Used directly, the source is called a windmill. Converted to electricity, it is called a wind turbine. Wind energy used directly can pump water into or out of a location. Used as electricity, it has endless applications.
Looking at the old sailing ships we can see the power of the wind being a resource. The wind has been used to grind grain and pump water for centuries. It needs no running water or fossil fuel source to work. Water is pumped out of places where it is excessive and into places where there is not enough. Generators powered by the kinetic energy can make electricity on a small or large scale.
Ancient history shows wind machines used as early as 200 B. C. In Persia (now Iran). It was not until 1888 that the first automatically operated wind turbine was invented and built. In 1908, seventy-two electric generators driven by the wind were in operation. The onset of World War One saw windmills being made in the United States on a regular basis. They were mass-produced for farms in the amount of 100,000. The farmers used them to pump water among other things.
Any new technology brings new terminology to describe it. Wind power is no different. In relation to wind energy, intermittency means the frequency at which a power source becomes unavailable. Variability means the uncontrollable output changes. The capability of the source to increase or decrease as required is called dispatchability. Nameplate capacity refers to the maximum output of any power source. Load factor is the total expected output of a generator in a year.
The statistically dependable output from any power source is the capacity credit. Reliability refers to the total future output that is expected from a combined grouping of wind farms and solar power stations. When viewed as a unit, the end users can be certain that power will be uninterrupted. This is because all the combined sources cannot fail at the same time.
Perfection has been achieved in the wind turbine during the last twenty years. Using the free, renewable energy of the wind, the turbine converts it into electricity to run a home, providing light and energy to run appliances. An industry can gain enough power to manufacture products without depleting non-renewable fuels. This renewable wind power doesn’t emit dangerous toxins like coal does.
Any home, farm or small town can run on small turbines. They are popular for bringing energy to remote areas of the country. They allow people to have energy with depleting the supply of fossil fuels. High-cost maintenance is now lowered due to parts being readily available. They used to be more expensive as well as difficult to obtain.
The wind power and solar power grid systems together are now used to power homes and industries as well. Telecommunications, navigational aids, air- traffic control stations and weather stations are some examples. The newly developed low-maintenance generators make wind energy capable of providing enough power to run factories. They are now sturdy as well as designed to last longer. This makes them affordable to use on the large scale that industry requires.