What Percentage Of Solar Panels Are Made In The USA?

According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, since 2004, U.S. output of photovoltaic cells used in solar panels has dropped from 13% to less than 1% of world supply, while China’s share has risen from less than 1% to 67 percent (NREL).

Is our list missing any U.S. companies? Leave us a note in the comments we’ll update with new additions as they come in.

There are two things we should mention regarding our list of solar panel manufacturers based in the United States.

To begin with, many of these firms construct part or all of their solar panels in the United States, but import crucial components from other nations. These components are likewise subject to the solar tariff, however the first 2.5 gigawatts (GW) of solar cells imported each year are exempt. (For comparison, the United States deployed 12 GW of solar in 2017, including an estimated 2.5 GW of solar panels made in the United States.)

Second, not all of the companies on this list are based in the United States. Some, like Heliene, have their own headquarters. SolarWorld Americas, for example, is a subsidiary of a foreign company. They all, however, make some of their panels in the United States.

Continue reading to learn more about some of the companies that manufacture solar panels in the United States.

SolarWorld Americas and Suniva

January 2019 update: Suniva declared bankruptcy in 2018 and is currently undergoing the bankruptcy process.

These two may be the most recognizable of all the U.S. solar panel manufacturers on the list (and no longer on the list). SolarWorld Americas and Suniva have both recently been in the headlines as two companies that have petitioned the government to levy taxes on foreign solar panel manufacturers.

In the solar business, there is debate regarding whether the tariffs will truly stimulate greater manufacturing in the US in the long run. According to certain industry associations, the rising costs will have a negative influence on solar in the United States. According to the Solar Energy Industries Association, there will be modest job growth in manufacturing, but job losses in the solar installation industry will be far greater.

SolarWorld has stated that it would expand its solar panel production in the United States in the near future. Suniva hasn’t made any public statements about their plans.

Heliene Solar

Heliene is headquartered in Sault St. Marie, Ontario, and produces the majority of its solar panels there. Heliene does, however, have a production facility in Minnesota. The Made in Minnesota Solar Incentive Program, which offers a cash payout to Minnesota solar system owners who install solar panels made in the state, accepts the company’s solar panels.

Heliene indicated that it will invest in a new equipment line at its Minnesota facility after the White House’s announcement of the solar tax.

Mission Solar

Mission Solar is situated in San Antonio, Texas, and all of their solar panels are designed, engineered, and assembled there. They create solar panels for both small-scale (rooftop) and large-scale (ground) installations.

Mission Solar, like the other companies on this list, announced that output would increase in 2018. Their plans, however, have been in the works since 2017 as a result of increasing output and are unrelated to the trade dispute.


Seraphim Solar USA is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Chinese Seraphim Energy Group. At its factory in Jackson, Mississippi, Seraphim Solar USA manufactures all of its panels in the United States.


Solaria is headquartered in Fremont, California, and its solar panels are made in both the United States and South Korea. Solaria reported in early January 2018 (before to the final tariff ruling) that it had raised $23 million to enhance its production capacity.

SolarTech Universal

SolarTech Universal is a solar panel manufacturer based in the United States. It owns its manufacturing facilities in Riviera Beach, Florida, and is the sole solar panel manufacturer in the state. The corporation believes that the tariff will have a favorable impact on its business in the short term, but that the expenses will outweigh the advantages in the long run.

SunSpark Technology

The parent company of SunSpark Technology is situated in China, and the firm is based in Riverside, California. SunSpark, which has a manufacturing site in Riverside, has been silent about the levy.


The Tesla Gigafactory 2 in Buffalo, New York, has teamed with Panasonic to manufacture solar panels in the United States. Panasonic stated in early January 2018 that it has begun producing solar cells at the factory, both for the Tesla solar roof and for Panasonic solar panels.

Panasonic produces the majority of its panels in other countries, and it has so far been unable to meet all of Tesla Energy’s needs. Panasonic and Tesla, on the other hand, intend to increase output in the coming year. Tesla expressed its opposition to the tariff in the summer of 2017, and after the levy was announced, it reaffirmed its commitment to American manufacturing.

What percentage of solar panels are manufactured in China?

Millions of solar panels in a remote desert near the Tibetan Plateau in Northwest China create enough electricity to run a midsize American city. The raw materials, solar panels, and battery technologies used in this project, which is one of the largest solar farms ever created, are all manufactured in China. China produced 80 percent of the world’s solar panels in 2019.

However, buying Chinese solar panels to cut emissions is like to putting out a fire with gas. In Xinjiang, Chinese companies rely on coal-fired electricity to produce vital raw materials like polysilicon. A solar panel created in China has roughly double the carbon footprint of a similar panel made in Europe, even before accounting for the energy impact of shipping the final products.

It’s also about core American ideals. Due to allegations of forced labor, the Biden administration barred a Xinjiang-based polysilicon company on June 24. According to new research, human rights violations are not limited to a particular corporation; rather, they represent a systemic problem. Every polysilicon manufacturer in Xinjiang has ties to the Chinese Communist Party’s coercive “labor transfer” operations.

Which country produces the most number of solar panels?

China is number one. The great majority of photovoltaic goods, often known as solar panels, are deployed in remote locations by massive solar farms that sell the electricity to utilities.

Are solar panels manufactured in the United States?

Then, in 2018, Trump put duties on all of them, dubbed the Section 201 solar tariffs. Importing solar would be more expensive no matter where it came from.

Trump saved the domestic industry from obsolescence, despite his claims that he does not believe in climate change.

Since then, the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA), which is primarily made up of Chinese exporters (yes, Canadian Solar makes everything in Asia and its CEO is Chinese) and solar installers (constructors and engineering firms that do not make solar panels), has been lobbying and filing lawsuits to overturn the tariffs.

They’ve been unrelenting in their pursuit. Numerous Senators, both Democrats and Republicans, have endorsed them.

Senators like Sherrod Brown (D-OH) and Marco Rubio (R-FL) urged for increased solar imports, while Senators like Jacky Rosen (D-NV) and Jerry Moran (R-KS) fought against it.

Rosen hasn’t given up on solar free trade. The solar industry in the United States will be completely destroyed as a result of this.

This year, Trump’s Section 201 tariffs came to an end. President Biden decided to side with the importers after numerous hearings from the solar industry with the US Trade Representative’s trade policy committee, and after a final report by the International Trade Commission in December that recommended keeping the Section 201 tariffs in place for another four years.

Biden defied the ITC’s recommendation on February 4th. He kept certain tariffs on solar panels and solar cells, the squares that go into the solar panels you see on roofs and in fields around the country, but he went against the ITC on two crucial areas. The tariffs are rendered impotent as a result of these two considerations.

To begin with, he substantially doubled the number of solar cells that can be brought into the country. The majority of solar cells, about 80% of them, are manufactured in Asia. This market is dominated by China.

Second, and more importantly, Biden defied the International Trade Commission’s decision to maintain tariffs on double-sided solar panels. Utility companies are the primary users of these panels, which are referred to as “bifacial solar” in the industry.

Trump had imposed duties, but SEIA filed a lawsuit, putting them on hold. Biden should return them, according to ITC. Biden supported SEIA and people like Rosen and Moran. As a result, the large solar power utilities that you see all throughout the country will increasingly be manufactured in China.

“When I think climate change, I think jobs,” Biden said in April, “and there is no reason why the blades that spin on wind turbines can’t be made in Pittsburgh instead of Beijing.” “There’s no reason.”

He didn’t say anything about solar, though. Rather, he concentrated on the installers. Solar panels made nearly entirely by Chinese companies are installed by the installers.

Eight of the top ten solar producers in the world are Chinese, one is South Korean, and one is American – Sherrod Brown’s home state of Ohio’s First SolarFSLR.

By 2035, Biden wants solar to provide 40 percent of America’s electricity. Today, it’s only about 3%. The only way to get there, according to SEIA, is to import.

For years, China has capitalized on Western anxieties about climate change to become the world’s leading producer of electric vehicles, EV batteries, wind turbines, and solar panels.

The United States is transitioning from being energy independent to relying on China to manufacture solar panels, which will account for 40% of American electricity if Biden’s aim is met.

According to a poll conducted by Morning Consult in December, 80% of registered voters believe that the United States should rely on domestically produced solar panels rather than imports.

With bifacials exempt from tariffs and solar cell import limitations nearly tripling, it’s difficult to say whether any U.S. manufacturer will pick up the slack left by LG.

Imports of solar cells are expected to surge, potentially leading to increased solar panel manufacture in the United States. However, one important issue is that bifacials can be readily mislabeled as monofacials and then exported as double sided as a ruse to get tariffed monofacial solar into the country without paying the Section 201 tariff.

Last year, solar manufacturers in the United States failed to persuade the Commerce Department to pursue Southeast Asia for dumping. Solar exports from Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam have increased by almost 30%. While American corporations operate plants there as well, Chinese multinationals account for the majority of exports simply because they dominate the market.

As the inhabitants here become desperate for survival, it’s possible that a fresh anti-dumping lawsuit will emerge. However, it takes years for these things to happen.

In order to blow up the ITC’s recommendation to Biden, SEIA relied on inflation fears and the climate change lobby.

Trump’s solar tariffs had no effect on the solar energy market in the United States, as SEIA had expected. Even with tariffs, installations increased by 43% in 2020. Solar panels are usually made in the United States, and they rely on solar cells supplied primarily from Asia, primarily from Chinese enterprises, but not always.

Solar installations are predicted to increase by more than 50% over what they were expected to be before the 201 tariffs were implemented in 2017, the year before “climate science denier” Trump offered American solar manufacturers a lifeline.

Several solar module manufacturers in the United States, including LG, have increased manufacturing in the previous three years. In 2019, this resulted in a ten-year high of 19.8% market share for US manufacturers.

That has now reached a nadir, with Biden’s decision handing China control of the US solar business, particularly for utility-scale solar power. The US does not have the capacity to deploy utility-grade solar, according to SEIA members who testified before the US Trade Representative. The removal of tariffs, which had been stalled owing to SEIA cases, means that a US corporation competing directly with China is significantly less inclined to invest in this section of the market.

Biden’s decision is a big setback for American solar manufacturers as well as the global non-China solar industry, which LG is a part of. South Korea made the decision to close the Alabama solar company.

Unless the Commerce Department revisits the anti-dumping cases against Southeast Asia, or the blocked Build Back Better Act’s production tax credits operate as some in the sector anticipate, China will have a larger share of the US solar market.

President Biden is correct: climate change can be a pro-jobs platform for the United States. But will installers and construction workers get the jobs, and manufacturers will be forgotten? Both of these items should be on the agenda.

In the United States, pro-climate change activists are largely Eurocrat jetsetters (think John Kerry and former lobbyists in Biden’s inner circle); they all despise Trump. While the White House’s elimination of tariffs is not a knee-jerk reaction to Trump (since Trump did it, I must erase it), it is a return to the kumbaya globalization era’s dependency.

When it comes to energy security, relying on Xi’s Sunshine OPEC is a bad idea if the US is going to keep its lights on with solar panels, as Biden and the Democrats obviously believe.

This does not exclude the United States from importing solar from Chinese multinationals. But everything? That would never happen in China. We shouldn’t either.

Who makes solar panels in the United States?

  • Hanwha Q CELLS, Jinko Solar, Silfab Solar, Mission Solar Energy, and Solaria are the top five solar panel producers in the United States.
  • These businesses manufacture high-efficiency solar panels for household and commercial use.
  • LG, a leading solar panel manufacturer in the United States, has declared that it will cease production and quit the sector in 2022. With decreased competition, other producers may be able to gain a larger part of the market.
  • Because this is the last year for homeowners to take advantage of the 26 percent federal tax credit, residential solar installations are likely to rise in 2022. In 2023, the federal tax credit will be reduced from 26 percent to 22 percent.

Tesla solar panels are built in the United States.

Tesla creates infinitely scalable renewable energy generation and storage solutions solar panels, Solar Roof, the Powerwall home battery, and the Powerpack battery system for commercial and utility-scale locations in our effort to speed the world’s transition to sustainable energy. These items make use of the most environmentally friendly energy source available: the sun. Gigafactory 2 a 1.2 million square-foot facility in Buffalo, New York began producing solar cells and modules in 2017. New production lines for electrical components for Supercharger and energy storage products were added to Tesla’s production lines in 2019. Tesla has generated roughly 800 jobs at Gigafactory 2 so far, and the facility is still ramping up operations and output.

The 88-acre property along the Buffalo River was repurposed from a steel manufacturing plant to produce solar panels and solar cells. The factory’s original occupant signed a deal with the State University of New York’s Research Foundation. Tesla acquired SolarCity in 2016 and therefore guaranteed Gigafactory 2.

Tesla has agreed to create 5,000 clean energy jobs in New York over the next ten years, with many of them in Buffalo, making the city a centre for sustainable innovation and advanced manufacturing.

Where are solar panels manufactured in the United States?

Solar Panels Made in the United States The headquarters of LG Solar are in Huntsville, Alabama. Dalton, Georgia is where Hanwha QCells are made. SunSpark is headquartered in Riverside, California.

Why are solar panels from China so cheap?

According to a study of the photovoltaic sectors in the United States and China, China’s supremacy in solar panel manufacture is due to larger-scale manufacturing and supply-chain benefits, not just lower labor and government backing.

Future advancements in crystalline solar cell technology, according to the researchers, have the potential to equalize pricing by improving access to resources and boosting manufacturing scale across all regions.

Researchers from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) of the US Department of Energy and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) developed a bottom-up cost model to investigate the underlying causes of the global photovoltaic manufacturing base shifting from the US and Europe to China.

They approached their economic research from the perspective of a multinational corporation looking for a location to build a solar panel manufacturing facility in either the United States or China. They used a measure called Minimum Sustainable Price (MSP) for monocrystalline silicon solar panels manufactured in each region to anticipate how the company would make its decision. The MSP is the lowest price at which a corporation may sell its products and still make a profit.

They calculated an MSP of $1.19 per Watt for US solar panels, compared to $0.91 per Watt for Chinese solar panels, implying a pricing advantage of 23% for a China-based producer, based on industry-validated numbers from the first half of 2012.

However, when they looked at country-specific factors for this price difference, they discovered that China’s historical advantage of low-cost labor was offset by other regional influences, and that the primary reason for its success is the region’s scale of solar panel manufacturing, which is enabled by access to capital and a less restrictive business and regulatory environment.

According to the study, a China-based business may obtain cheaper materials and machinery due to the density of production and the cost-benefit of using local suppliers. These scale and supply-chain advantages result in a $0.28 per Watt MSP advantage for a solar panel factory in China.

Al Goodrich, a Senior Analyst at NREL and the study’s principal author, said: “These benefits, which are not unique to China, might be replicated by manufacturers in other nations if they could achieve equivalent scale.

“However, there is a chicken-and-egg dilemma with solar power: steady demand is required to give manufacturers with the capital necessary to achieve large-scale production, but large-scale production is required for solar power to compete as an energy source without subsidies.

“Future silicon solar panel advancements, which may be realized more rapidly and effectively through global collaboration, have the potential to eliminate critical investment risks for manufacturers. Most locations would be able to manufacture on an equal scale, allowing them to reap the benefits of high volume production.”

Professor Tonio Buonassisi, co-author of the paper and associate professor at MIT, added: “The ‘holy grail’ is a solar module with the highest efficiency, lowest materials prices, simplified and scalable manufacturing, and unquestioned reliability. A couple of these characteristics are present in today’s photovoltaic modules, but not all of them are present at the same time.”

He went on to say: “Between the 1880s and the 1950s, the glass industry underwent breakthroughs that streamlined the process into a single integrated tool, where feedstock goes in one end and one product comes out the other.

“We believe solar panel production will follow a similar path. In the future, practical advances in photovoltaic technologies will hasten the price and scale convergence of solar power and traditional energy sources.

“This common goal is a chance for international cooperation that utilizes our complementary assets for the benefit of nations all over the world.”

Where do we get our solar panels from?

Most solar systems in the United States involve the use of imported panels, which are mostly from Asia. Between January and August 2019, Malaysia accounted for over half of all solar PV imports into the United States.

By 2020, what percentage of solar panels will be manufactured in China?

Jobs in the Solar Industry China now produces more than 80% of polysilicon and over 99% of two other important components, wafers and ingots, used in panels all around the world, including those made and assembled in other nations.