Is Building Your Own Wind Turbine Legal?

Wind energy can be generated at home. But first, check with your local zoning and building codes to see if a turbine of any size is permissible on your land. Local rules can be found all over the place: Some towns will let you build a wind turbine in a graveyard, while others will not let you plant even a Porta-Potty on your property. Also keep in mind that a turbine large enough to power a home requires at least an acre of land.

Installing your own gadget isn’t for the faint of heart, so unless you’re an expert, leave it to the pros (DIY gizmos are available, but their output is low.)

Choose a turbine that has been certified by the Small Wind Certification Council.

Wind power isn’t always easy, but with 20 million homes in the United States built on an acre or more, it has a lot of residential potential.

Is it possible for me to build my own wind turbine?

It is theoretically possible to build and instal your own wind turbine system at home. A’microwind’ turbine (with a power output of less than 1kW) can even be purchased over the counter in hardware stores.

Is it necessary for me to get approval for a wind turbine?

  • The installation cannot be built on protected terrain.
  • Only the first installation of any wind turbine would be considered development, and only if the property does not already have an air source heat pump. An application for planning permission is required for additional wind turbines or air source heat pumps on the same property.
  • The stand-alone wind turbine’s highest point must not exceed 11.1 metres.
  • The minimum distance between ground level and the lowest portion of any wind turbine blade is five metres.
  • If any section of the stand-alone wind turbine (including blades) is less than a distance equal to the overall height of the turbine (including blades) plus 10% of its height as measured from any point along the property boundary, the installation is not permitted.
  • Any stand-alone wind turbine blade must have a swept area of no more than 3.8 square metres.
  • Development would be prohibited in Conservation Areas if the stand-alone wind turbine was erected closer to any roadway that limits the curtilage (garden or grounds) of the house or block of flats than the part of the house or block of flats that is closest to that highway.
  • Permitted development rights do not apply to a turbine located within the curtilage of a Listed Building, a Scheduled Monument, or designated land* other than Conservation Areas.

Is it possible to buy a tiny wind turbine to power your home?

You might be shocked to learn that a small-scale wind turbine can sustain or even augment your electricity needs, but household wind turbines can produce anything from 400 watts to 100 kW.

The amount of wind energy that can be converted is determined by the average wind speed in your area.

Did you know that electricity generated by the wind can be used to power the following household items:

  • Apparatus (washer, dryer, dishwasher, etc.)
  • Heating and air conditioning systems

The best metric of wind turbine performance, according to the US Department of Energy, is yearly energy output. There is a distinction between power and energy that you may not be aware of. The rate at which electricity is consumed, measured in kilowatts (kW), is called power. The entire amount of energy consumed is indicated in kilowatt-hours (kWh). Find out the turbine’s projected kWh/year when shopping for the appropriate little wind turbine for your home to see if it can satisfy your electricity needs.

What does a 20-kilowatt wind turbine cost?

Wind turbines are not inexpensive as an alternative energy source. Massive wind turbines can cost tens of millions of dollars. When you consider that a 15kw wind turbine might cost up to $125,000, you can infer that a 20kw wind turbine will cost even more. It’s safe to assume that it’ll set you back more than $125,000.

Is it possible to live inside a wind turbine?

In today’s wild architecture news, a team has designed a massive, circular wind turbine that is also liveable. We might conceive a few possible counter-arguments, the most obvious of which being, “What was that?”

Is it legal for me to build a wind turbine on my property?

Before investing in a wind turbine system, you should evaluate how windy your location is, the height to which you will be able to instal your turbine, the size of rotor to use, and whether or not you will require planning approval.


Wind turbines are only as effective as the quantity of wind they get, which includes both speed and force. The more wind the turbine receives, the more power it will generate.


The more efficient a wind turbine is, the higher it is positioned. This is due to a variety of meteorological conditions as well as the likelihood of less barriers higher up.

Planning permission

In the United Kingdom, the region in which you live decides whether you require planning approval for a wind turbine and what rules and regulations you must follow. In England and Scotland, certain turbines can be built without obtaining planning permission if certain conditions are met.

Building-mounted turbines, on the other hand, will require planning authorisation in Scotland.

The following are the unique requirements for each UK region:


In order to be installed as authorised development in England, a wind turbine must meet the following requirements:

A wind turbine installed on a building:

  • The property must be detached and surrounded by other detached residences in the area.
  • MCS planning standards must be followed.
  • A single turbine is considered an authorised development, and the property cannot already contain an air source heat pump. Otherwise, you’ll need to submit a planning application.
  • The turbine shall not extend more than 3 metres over the highest part of the chimney, including the blades, and the entire height of the building and wind turbine should not exceed 15 metres.
  • The distance between the ground and the bottom of the wind turbine blade must be greater than 5 metres.
  • A minimum of 5 metres must separate your turbine from your property’s limit.
  • A building-mounted wind turbine’s swept area cannot exceed 3.8m2.
  • A wind turbine cannot be installed on the roof of a listed building or within its grounds.
  • If you live in a conservation area or a world heritage site, you cannot mount the turbine on a wall that is visible from the highway.
  • When the wind turbine is no longer needed for Microgeneration, it must be dismantled as soon as possible.
  • To the extent practicable, be sited to minimise the influence on the local area’s amenity.

A self-contained wind turbine:

  • The MCS planning standards must be followed by the wind turbine.
  • A single turbine is considered an authorised development, and the property cannot already contain an Air Source Heat Pump. Otherwise, you’ll need to submit a planning application.
  • The highest point of a wind turbine blade cannot be higher than 11.1 metres.
  • The distance between the wind turbine and your property’s boundary is equal to the turbine’s height + 10%.
  • The maximum swept area of a wind turbine is 3.8m2.
  • If you live in a conservation area or a world heritage site, the closest part of the wind turbine should be further away from any highways than the nearest part of your house.
  • For an installation on a listed building or a building in a conservation area/world heritage site, permitted development rights are not available.
  • A reflective coating on the blades is not possible.
  • Wind turbines should be dismantled as quickly as feasible after they are no longer required for Microgeneration.


While building-mounted wind turbines in Scotland require planning permission, standalone turbines do not, as long as they meet the following requirements:

  • Within the property, it is the lone wind turbine.
  • It is more than 100 metres away from the next-door neighbour.
  • It is not located near a global heritage site, scientific research land, a listed building, or land used for archaeological reasons.

To power a home, how big of a wind turbine do you need?

The size of the wind turbine you’ll require is determined by your needs. Small turbines are available in sizes ranging from 20 to 100 kilowatts (kW). Smaller turbines, known as “micro” turbines, range in size from 20 to 500 watts and are used to charge batteries in recreational vehicles and sailboats.

Turbines ranging from one to ten kW can be utilised in a variety of purposes, including water pumping. Wind energy has been utilised to pump water and grind grain for ages. Although mechanical windmills are still a viable and cost-effective alternative for pumping water in low-wind locations, farmers and ranchers are discovering that wind-electric pumping is more versatile and allows them to pump twice as much for the same initial expenditure. Furthermore, mechanical windmills must be installed directly above the well, potentially limiting the use of available wind resources. Wind-electric pumping systems can be installed wherever there is the best wind resource and connected to the pump motor through an electric connection. Mechanical windmills, on the other hand, can provide more effective water pumping in locations with little wind.

Depending on the quantity of electricity you wish to generate, turbines used in residential applications can range in size from 400 Watts to 100 kW (100 kW for very heavy loads). Establish an energy budget for home applications and investigate if financial incentives are available. This information will assist you in determining the size of turbine you will require. Because energy efficiency is typically less expensive than energy production, making your home more energy efficient will likely save you money and allow you to minimise the size of the wind turbine you’ll need (see How Can I Make My Home More Energy Efficient?). Manufacturers, dealers, and installers of wind turbines can assist you in sizing your system depending on your energy needs as well as the characteristics of your local wind resource and micro-siting.

A typical home uses about 10,649 kilowatt-hours (kWh), or about 877 kWh each month on average. A wind turbine rated in the range of 5 to 15 kW would be necessary to provide a meaningful contribution to this demand, depending on the typical wind speed in the area. In a location with a yearly average wind speed of 14 MPH (6.26 metres per second), a 1.5-kW wind turbine will cover the needs of a home consuming 300 kWh per month. The projected yearly energy output of the turbine as a function of annual average wind speed can be obtained from the manufacturer, dealer, or installer. The manufacturer will also disclose any maximum wind speeds at which the turbine is designed to safely operate. To keep the rotor from spinning out of control in exceptionally high gusts, most turbines feature automatic overspeed-governing mechanisms.

This information, combined with information about your local wind resource (wind speed and direction) and your energy budget, will aid you in determining which size turbine will best fulfil your electricity needs.

What is the output of a 400 watt wind turbine?

HAWT 400 Watt The 400W turbine generates 50W at 3.6 m/s winds. The turbine will create 438 kwH per year if it runs 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Because the national average electric tariff in the United States is $0.12/kWh, the turbine saves the owner $52 per year on electricity.

What is the most cost-effective way to generate electricity?

According to a new report issued on Thursday by the University of Texas at Austin’s Energy Institute, natural gas, solar, and wind are the cheapest ways to create electric electricity.