The hydrocarbons in diesel and fuel oil are relatively comparable, unlike the hydrocarbons in gasoline and diesel. In several instances, they are nearly identical. Diesel fuels are made up of hydrocarbons “According to the US Department of Health and Human Services, “are approximately identical to fuel oils used for heating (fuel oils no. 1, no. 2, and no. 4).” A blend of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons makes up diesel and fuel oils. “The hydrogen-saturated aliphatic alkanes (paraffins) and cycloalkanes (naphthenes) make up about 80-90 percent of the fuel oils. Aromatics (e.g., benzene) and olefins (e.g., styrene and indene) make up 10-20% and 1% of the fuel oils, respectively.”
Diesel and fuel oils have extremely similar hydrocarbon compositions. However, there are various forms of diesel. The distinctions in diesel grades are determined by two factors. One distinction between fuel classes is the level of pollutants, particularly sulfur. The second factor is the cetane level of various grades.
Sulfur is the pollutant in diesel that causes the biggest worry among people concerned about diesel emissions’ environmental and health implications. In its natural state, sulfur is neither harmful nor a serious pollutant. However, as sulfur oxidizes to form sulfur oxides, the molecules become hazardous to the environment as well as human, flora, and fauna health.
What’s the difference between fuel oil and diesel?
When compared to diesel fuel, the composition of heating oils used in your home is heavier. They have nearly identical heat-giving properties. A gallon of common heating oil can create 138,500 Btu (British Thermal Unit), whereas a gallon of diesel can only provide roughly 137,500 Btu.
When compared to diesel, heating oil might have a higher or lower Btu depending on the type.
Is heating fuel oil the same as diesel?
In almost all furnaces, diesel, as supplied at many gas stations, is a suitable replacement for home heating oil. Both diesel and heating oil No. 2 are petroleum distillates that provide nearly the same amount of heat and can be used in the same systems.
Can I use fuel oil in my diesel tractor?
While heating oil and diesel #2 are quite similar, diesel fuel has additives that improve the efficiency of the diesel fuel. Heating oil has not been refined and is not intended for use as a vehicle fuel; when used in your tractor, it may smoke or contain pollutants not found in diesel fuel.
What is the difference between fuel oil and diesel oil when it will be used on the ship?
Marine diesel oil (MDO) is a generic term for marine fuels made up of various distillates (also known as marine gasoil) and heavy fuel oil mixes. Unlike the diesel fuel used in automobiles and trucks on land, marine diesel oil is not a pure distillate. The various blending ratios of marine diesel oil can be regulated directly by refinery processes or by mixing ready-made marine fuels. Diesel fuel is identical to marine diesel, except it has a higher density. Marine diesel oil, unlike heavy fuel oil (HFO), does not require heating during storage.
The terms “marine diesel oil” and “intermediate fuel oil” are occasionally used interchangeably (IFO). Marine diesel oil, in its strictest definition, refers to blends containing only a tiny amount of heavy fuel oil. As a result, some textbooks classify this sort of marine diesel oil as a distillate, which means it is also classified as a medium distillate. The proportion of heavy fuel oil in intermediate fuel oils, on the other hand, is higher. As a result, several textbooks, standards/norms, and publications classify IFO kinds with particularly large concentrations of heavy fuel oil as heavy fuel oils. As a result, the following succinct summaries emerge:
- In a strict sense, marine diesel oil is: Distillates and heavy fuel oil are mixed together, but the heavy fuel oil level is quite low.
Is diesel oil different than regular oil?
A catalytic converter is a housing in the exhaust system that includes porous metal filler and is situated between the engine and the muffler. Its job is to transform the engine’s harmful emissions into stable byproducts before they enter the atmosphere. Some combustion byproducts (lead, zinc, and phosphorus) can seriously impair the converter’s capacity to do its work. The first important distinction between the oils can be found here.
In the form of zinc dialkyldithiophosphate, diesel engine oils have a higher anti-wear (AW) load (ZDDP). Diesel systems have catalytic converters that are designed to deal with this issue, whereas gasoline systems do not. One of the main reasons you shouldn’t use diesel engine oil in a gasoline engine is because of this. If your car was constructed before 1975, there’s a strong possibility it didn’t have a catalytic converter, therefore the assertions above don’t apply to you.
What happens if you put wrong oil in diesel engine?
It’s not uncommon for people to mix up or use the wrong fluids in their vehicles, and the consequences can range from annoyance to death. In a piece that appears in the November issue of Consumer Reports, the possible damage you can do to your car or yourself is described.
“Putting antifreeze in the windshield washer reservoir might result in a sticky mess,” said David Champion, senior director of Consumer Reports’ Auto Test Center in East Haddam, Conn. “However, a British health research discovered that just filling the reservoir with water provides an ideal breeding habitat for the bacteria that causes Legionnaires’ illness.”
Before topping up any fluids under the hood of their automobile, consumers should consult their owner’s manual, according to Champion. If they have any worries, they should consult a mechanic or the people behind the counter at their local auto parts store.
1. Mistakes in motor oil. The brand of motor oil is less crucial than the viscosity grade (10W-30, for example). Only follow the instructions in the owner’s manual. When you use the improper oil, you risk losing lubrication and shortening the life of your engine. Use synthetic oil if the manual specifies it. Adding synthetic oil to conventional oil, contrary to popular belief, will not harm the engine, but it will also provide no advantage.
Battery fluid is number two. Individual cells in some automotive batteries may need to be replenished with a little water to cover the lead plates. Use only distilled water, which is free of salts and minerals. When tap water is mixed with a battery’s electrolyte liquid, minerals from the water can accumulate on the battery’s internal lead plates, reducing the battery’s power and shortening its life.
3. Keep your cool in the water. The cooling system of a car employs a mixture of water and antifreeze, formally known as coolant, in percentages (usually 50/50) that prevent it from freezing on a cold day and boiling on a hot one. When you add too much water to a mixture, it becomes more sensitive to freezing and boiling. When it’s cold outside, this can prevent the car from starting, and in warmer temperatures, it can lead to overheating. Mineral accumulation in the cooling system from tap water could reduce its efficacy.
4. Filling a gasoline-powered car’s tank with diesel fuel. If the engine works at all, it will stutter and knock as a result of this. Because diesel pumps have huge nozzles, this is a difficult mistake to make. Depending on the amount of gasoline injected to a diesel vehicle’s tank, it could cause minor damage or cause the fuel pump, injectors, and other components to fail. A technician can limit the damage by draining the contaminated fuel if the mix-up is identified early enough. Meanwhile, don’t start the car.
5. Brake sauce is a special sauce for your brakes. Hydraulic fluid that has been particularly prepared for the purpose is used in brake systems. Substituting transmission or power-steering fluid, which are comparable, might break seals, cause system damage, and possibly induce brake failure. It’s worth noting that if your brake fluid is low, your car will almost certainly require brake-system service. Either the brakes are worn out or there is a leak in the system.
6. Gears that have been glued together. Only the fluid specified by the automaker, such as GM’s Dexron series or Toyota’s Type T, can be used in automatic gearboxes. The use of the incorrect fluid can result in inadequate lubrication, overheating, and transmission failure. Even if the transmission is flushed, a mechanic may not be able to reverse the damage. Inadvertently adding engine oil or brake fluid to your transmission might potentially cause it to fail.
7. There are a few more washer-fluid no-nos. Water not only creates the ideal setting for harmful bacteria, but it also does not clean as effectively as washer fluid and is susceptible to freezing. Using household glass cleaners or ammonia on a car’s windshield can leave suds, harm the gloss, and go into the air intake system, potentially causing a foul environment in the cabin.
Consumer Reports is one of the most trusted sources for information and recommendations on consumer products and services, with more than 7 million print and online subscribers. It owns and manages a 327-acre Auto Test Center in Connecticut, and it runs the most thorough auto-test program of any U.S. journal or Web site. The auto experts at the organization have decades of expertise driving, testing, and reporting on automobiles.
Is heating oil the same as fuel oil?
Heating oil is heavier than fuel oil and resembles diesel fuel the most. It has a BTU content of 139,000, which implies it generates slightly more heat than fuel oil. For homes and business owners who keep their fuel tanks within their properties, heating oil is a superior option. This is because heating oil is more stable than fuel oil in general. Heating oil is not only more refined, but it also burns at a higher temperature. Heating oil is very difficult to catch fire, and the amount of vapor produced when burning is modest. In light of this, using heating oil indoors is often safer than using fuel oil indoors. Heating oil, on the other hand, has a tendency to gel when stored outside in cooler conditions, so it’s not the ideal choice for external tanks. Because heating oil may gel if stored outside, greater maintenance on external tank systems is usually required.
Heating oil provides somewhat more heat than fuel oil in terms of performance, although the difference is minor. Fuel oil is better suitable for outdoor tanks, whilst heating oil is better suited for inside tanks.
What is green diesel?
On-road diesel is either clear or somewhat green in appearance. When diesel fuel is freshly dispensed into a bottle to observe its color, refineries add a green dye, which is visible. This dye fades to yellow or darker colors as the fuel ages. Checking the fuel for a “bright” appearance, with the faint green dye being a giveaway that the diesel is new and in good condition, is part of a visual inspection to assess diesel fuel quality.
What is dyed diesel?
Diesel contains dye in almost all of it. When we talk about dyed diesel, we usually mean a red dye applied to off-road diesel. Off-road diesel is typically used for heating oil, construction fueling, agricultural use, and other off-road equipment not needed to pay fuel taxes on the highway system.
What is farm diesel?
Off-road diesel, often known as farm diesel or diesel for agricultural purposes, is diesel that is not subject to on-road fuel taxes. Diesel fuel used for agricultural purposes is tax-free. Taxes can be avoided if diesel is burned on a farm and can be tracked. In Oregon, farms are able to obtain clear diesel without paying any road fees. It is frequently coloured red to indicate that it is tax-free. Some farms may track their use of clear diesel so they can submit for Federal road taxes for off-road usage in Oregon, where P.U.C. for trucks over 26,000 GVW pay a weight mile tax instead of a per gallon state road tax.
What color is dyed diesel?
Every gallon of fuel sold in the United States contains some color. Diesel for on-road use usually has a slight green hue. This is a dye that is mixed into the fuel by either the refiner or the terminal supplier. Off-road diesels are coloured red to indicate that the fuel is tax-free and intended only for off-road use.
Why is diesel dyed?
Diesel is coloured to indicate whether or not it has paid road tax. In the United States, on-road diesel usually has a faint green hue. Off-road diesel is dyed red to indicate that it has not paid the required road taxes in all states and by the federal government.
What is off-road diesel?
Off-road diesel is diesel fuel that has been dyed red to indicate that it is tax-free and only available for off-road fuel uses such as construction fueling, equipment that is never used on a public road, agricultural use, heating oil, boiler fuel, and other non-taxed diesel fuel uses as defined by state and federal fuel tax laws. Some off-road users in Oregon can use the Oregon state tax exemption to buy on-road fuel if they have the correct papers.
Is dyed or off-road diesel flammable?
The National Fire Code classifies off-road diesel as a Class II combustible liquid. A flammable fuel has a flash point below 100 degrees Fahrenheit. The flash point of diesel ranges between 126 and 205 degrees Fahrenheit (typically assumed to be about 160 degrees F). As a result, it’s classified as a Class II combustible.
Is off-road diesel or dyed diesel high sulfur diesel?
Dyed diesel (also known as off-road diesel) contains a lot of sulfur. Diesel fuel having a sulfur level of more than 500 parts per million is known as high sulfur diesel.
Is off-road diesel or dyed diesel ultra-low sulfur diesel?
Off-road and colored diesel fuels may have ultra-low sulfur, however this is not always the case. In the United States, there has been a persistent campaign to reduce sulfur in all fuels, led by EPA regulation. Off-road construction and agricultural equipment have been required by EPA rules in recent years to have an emissions system that allows ultra-low sulfur to function without serious difficulties. As a result, today’s off-road diesel is ultra-low sulfur. If you have a tank with old dyed red diesel fuel in it, you can infer it has a sulfur concentration that is higher than ultra-low.
What is dyed ULSD fuel?
Dyed ULSD fuel is ultra-low sulfur diesel that has been dyed red to indicate that it is only intended for off-road or untaxed use. Heating oil, construction fuel, agricultural fuel, generator fuel, and other off-road uses are common uses for this type of fuel. The abbreviation “ULSD” stands for ultra-low sulfur diesel.
Is dyed diesel #1 or # 2 diesel?
Diesel that has been dyed can be either #1 or #2 diesel. Both fuels must include a red dye to prove that they are untaxed and cannot be utilized as on-road fuels.
Why does the government require diesel be dyed red?
“For two reasons, the federal government demands dyeing of untaxed diesel fuel and kerosene. To aid in the reduction of tax fraud by recognizing fuel that hasn’t paid excise taxes and to aid in the reduction of air pollution by identifying fuel that isn’t acceptable for use in highway vehicles.”
Is dyed diesel and off-road diesel kerosene?
Kerosene (which crosses as #1 diesel fuel) can be found in dyed diesel and off-road diesel, but it is not always the case. Do not mistake a dyed fuel for kerosene, which is a more uncommon fuel. Kerosene differs from #1 diesel in one way: it has been proven that it may be absorbed and taken up by a wick. All kerosene is classified as #1 diesel. Kerosene isn’t found in all #1 diesel fuels. Diesels that have been colored and off-road fuels are in the same boat. All coloured kerosene and off-road diesel are dyed. Kerosene isn’t the only coloured fuel.
Is dyed diesel and off-road diesel stove oil?
Stove oil is coloured diesel and off-road diesel. Similar to diesel, it’s usually a #1 or #2 stove oil. Stove oils, as opposed to diesel, had a slightly distinct set of specification problems in the past, which is why they were named “stove oils.” It was less precise when petroleum refineries distilled crude oils to make diesel range fuels than it is now with hydrocracking technology. The number of distillate range fuel requirements is significantly more concentrated today, thanks to both oil refinery technologies and EPA emission standards, in order to assure compliance with EPA and state rules. If your heating appliance requires stove oil, it will most likely require #1 stove oil or #1 kerosene. This product is supposed to produce less soot, making it better suited for use in a pot stove. Monitor and Toyostove thermostatically controlled direct vent heaters are the most current stove oil appliances in the United States.
Is off-road diesel bad for my truck?
It depends on the year of your truck, and we’re assuming you’re talking about red diesel fuel. To begin, it is illegal to use dyed diesel, off-road diesel, or heating oil in an on-road vehicle. If you are found in Oregon, you might face a punishment of up to $10,000, and the state is very aggressive in pursuing tax evasion. Beyond the usage of off-road fuel, which is legal. On the west coast, coloured diesel is often ultra low sulfur fuel. This means that if it’s burned in your engine, it won’t cause any problems. It may be high sulfur or low sulfur fuel, depending on the age of the colored fuel or whether it is genuinely a heating oil. If you use that fuel in a post-2007 engine with a particle trap, you’ll have major maintenance problems.
Is dyed diesel or off-road diesel heating oil?
Yes, colored diesel and off-road fuel can be used to heat your home. These days, most dyed diesel and off-road diesel is ultra-low sulfur diesel. According to the EPA and most state rules, heating oil can have a low or high sulfur concentration. So, while heating oil cannot always be colored diesel (when used for off-road machinery or agricultural purposes), dyed/off-road diesel can always be used for heating oil and meet the requirements of heating oil furnaces.
Does off-road diesel freeze?
At low temperatures, off-road diesel gels. Wax crystals form and fall out of the diesel at lower temperatures, clogging filters and gelling the fuel. Water and naturally held-in diesel will also ice up, clogging filters. Diesel gelling is the term for this phenomena.
Does off-road diesel gel in cold weather?
If it gets cold enough, all diesel fuels will gel. Wax crystals and ice accumulating in your fuel will clog filters and cause your equipment to shut down. As a rule of thumb, if you don’t treat your diesel fuel, it should work OK above 20 degrees F. If the temperature drops below 20 degrees Fahrenheit, make sure your vendor treats the fuel for winter use so it can operate at -20 degrees Fahrenheit. If you’re going to be operating in temps below that, check with your vendor to see if they’ve tested the fuel to work in temperatures below -20 degrees F.
Does off-road diesel go bad?
Off-road and dyed diesel might deteriorate with time. All ASTM-compliant diesel fuels should be safe to store for up to a year without extra treatment or testing. If you’re storing diesel for a long time, it’s a good idea to treat it with a biocide and an oxidative stabilizer to guarantee that it stays within specifications and that nothing grows in your fuel tank. Water and dirt entering the fuel through a tank vent is the worst opponent of long-term diesel storage. A tank will breathe when the temperature changes, bringing in air and moisture from the outside. Keeping your gasoline within specification means making sure there’s no water in the tank and that no outside impurities can get in.
How long can I store off-road or dyed diesel in a fuel tank?
Diesel fuel has a one-year shelf life if left untreated. You can anticipate diesel to last two to three years if it is treated with a biocide to prevent biological development in the tank. When diesel is sampled after two to three years, it loses its brightness and begins to exhibit signs of age. After three years, you’ll want to sample and test the fuel to make sure it’s up to code and safe to use.
What is the difference between off-road diesel and on-road diesel?
The significant difference between the two fuels is the amount of gasoline taxes levied. To indicate that it is both ultra-low sulfur diesel and that the on-road fuel taxes associated with using it to power a highway vehicle have been paid, all on-road diesel is transparent or greenish in color. Fuel that has been dyed has not been taxed and cannot be used to power a vehicle on a public road.
Do you pay sales tax on dyed diesel or off-road diesel in Washington state?
Yes. The sales tax is assessed if you consume colored diesel and do not pay the on-road fuel taxes in Washington state. The sales tax is not paid if you use clear fuel with road taxes connected to it. The Washington Department of Revenue has more information about Washington gasoline taxes.
What are the taxes on dyed diesel or off-road diesel in Oregon state?
Your gasoline distributor pays a modest tax (less than $.01) on the fuel they purchase at the wholesale terminal. The US EPA Superfund cleanup and the “LUST” (Leaking Underground Storage Tank Cleanup Fund) are two of the taxes. Aside from that, there are no taxes on off-road diesel fuel in Oregon (federal, state, or local municipality).
Is there a way to buy clear diesel without a road tax on it?
In Oregon, you can purchase clear fuel that is exempt from state road charges. The following are the requirements for using clear diesel in Oregon without paying state taxes:
- cars with a legal Oregon “E” plate and registered to a US government agency, an Oregon state agency, or an Oregon county or city
- Vehicles or farm tractors/equipment that are only used on the roadway inadvertently, as specified in ORS 319.520
- Unlicensed vehicles or equipment that are utilized exclusively on privately owned property
What happens if I use dyed diesel in an on-road vehicle?
If you are caught in Oregon, you might be fined $10,000 each day. We’ve seen fuel tax evaders nabbed before, so be advised that Oregon is looking for any amount of dye in an on-road vehicle’s saddle tank. You will have maintenance concerns with your vehicle’s emission system if you use low sulfur or high sulfur fuel and your vehicle has a particulate trap.
Can you use dyed diesel in a diesel pickup truck?
Only if the pickup is solely for off-roading. If you plan to utilize that truck on a public road (even to cross a street) and colored fuel is discovered in it, state regulators can (and do) levy fines of up to $10,000 per occurrence. You can use off-road diesel as the vehicle’s fuel if you have a closed facility or a large farm and are not registering the vehicle for on-road use (thus the pickup must not leave the site). Any regulator observing dyed fuel in your vehicle will assume it’s an on-road pickup if you have license plates and it’s approved for on-road use.
How does the government test if someone used dyed diesel?
Typically, regulators may take a sample from the tank or spin the gasoline filter to look for obvious dyed fuel when checking for illegal usage of dyed fuel. If the fuel is clear (or even slightly pink) and they suspect dyed fuel was used in the car, they can use a special black light to show that dyed fuel was in touch with the vehicle. They’ll beam the light on the gasoline filter, the fuel tanks, and other portions of the engine compartment that may have come into contact with the fuel. They will cite the vehicle operator if they detect even a minor trace of the red-dye used in off-road fuel in specific regions. On the internet, there are kits for filtering dye out of gasoline to eliminate the color. Those kits won’t be able to remove enough dye to keep these lights from detecting it.
Why is off road diesel illegal for pick up trucks to use?
Off-road diesel is painted red to indicate that on-road fuel taxes have not been paid or that the fuel is tax-free. Fuel taxes for on-road fuel usage are levied by the federal government and state governments to help pay for the roads we all use. Fuel taxes are deductible if you use diesel for non-road equipment, machinery, or heating/boiler uses, and the fuel is coloured to make its tax-free status obvious. In a roadside or site level inspection, regulators can also shine a black light on certain parts of a vehicle’s system to see if colored gasoline is being used illegally.
What is the difference between dyed diesel and heating oil?
What’s going on in the Pacific Northwest right now? Typically, nothing. Diesel-colored heating oil is used. To reduce the overall cost of the fuel, most petroleum distributors sell the mainstream colored diesel grade for use as heating oil. Heating oil and dyed diesel have varied ASTM requirements depending on where you acquire it. Because furnaces and boilers can manage dirtier, lower-quality fuels than off-road equipment with a particle trap, heating oil specifications have larger tolerances than diesel criteria. Although heating oil is always a diesel fuel, dyed diesel for off-road machinery may have a distinct specification. In Oregon, for example, any dyed diesel fuel used in off-road equipment must include at least 5% biodiesel or renewable diesel. Heating oil and boilers are excluded from the biofuel mandate. Heating oil, on the other hand, can be free of biodiesel, while off-road diesel for machinery cannot.
Can refrigerated trailers or “reefers use dyed diesel even if they are attached to a truck moving it on the highway?
Refrigerated trailers are, in fact, off-road vehicles. Because its engine is not pushing something along the road, the diesel-fueled refrigeration trailer is considered off-road equipment. Any ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel can be used in these trailers (dyed or clear). If you use on-road clear fuel in a refrigerated trailer and keep track and verification of the on-road fuel used in the off-road piece of equipment, you can get your fuel taxes returned. However, proof is required, so speak with your CPA or accountant.
Why is home heating oil more expensive than diesel?
The price of crude oil is the key factor of both home heating oil and diesel fuel prices. Refining costs (13 percent), distribution and marketing costs (12 percent), and taxes are the remaining components (12 percent ). The cost of crude oil accounts for 61% of the retail price of diesel fuel.