What Satellite Does Sky TV UK Used?

Sky was broadcast from the Astra satellites at 28.2 degrees east (2A/2C/2E/2F) and Eutelsat’s Eutelsat 33C satellite at 28.5 degrees east prior to the transfer to Astra 2E, 2F, and 2G.

As of 2019, Sky UK’s only satellites are Astra 2E, 2F, and 2G; certain services are delivered through limited UK-only spot beams, while others are downlinked with a Europe-wide footprint. UK-only spot beams are purposefully tightly focused over mainland UK, although they can still be received if you have a large enough dish and a sensitive enough LNB.

Following that, Eutelsat 33C was moved to 33 East, then to 133 West, where it was renamed ‘Eutelsat 133 West A’ to support transponders providing European and African language services.

Sky is a type of satellite.

  • It provides cutting-edge services to its customers, as proven by the low number of complaints, which average only one per 100,000 customers.

Sky Tv employs Astra Satellite to offer a consistent and unrivaled viewing experience.

Connect your devices to Sky broadband to begin your adventure into cutting-edge entertainment with Sky Tv Satellite.

Is the satellite used by Freesat and Sky the same?

Freesat uses the same fleet of satellites as Sky (Astra 28.2E). DVB-S is used to broadcast channels. Freesat’s mission is to provide a platform for receiving channels and the EPG, not to broadcast or make channels available (although the BBC and ITV are significant broadcasters in their own right).

DVB-S is used to broadcast all of Freesat’s standard definition channels, as well as ITV HD, NHK World HD, and RT HD. The satellite transponder carrying BBC One HD and BBC HD was updated to DVB-S2 on June 6, 2011, when the satellite transponder carrying them was upgraded to DVB-S2. Channel 4 HD was launched using DVB-S2, but on March 28, 2012, the transponder was reduced to DVB-S. MPEG-2 is used to broadcast standard definition channels, while MPEG-4 is used to transmit high definition channels. Instead of Sky’s proprietary OpenTV platform, MHEG-5 is used for interactive television. Channel 4 is no longer available in HD as of March 22, 2018, and is now only available in SD, as it was before April 19, 2011.

Non-Freesat receivers, such as Sky Digiboxes, can get the channels because they are transmitted in the clear.

An Ethernet port is required per the Freesat box specification. This allows customers to watch on-demand programs from providers like BBC iPlayer or ITV Hub directly on their television.

The second generation Freetime receivers are built on open standards and technologies, including those from the Open IPTV Forum (OIPF), the Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV (HbbTV) project, and HTML5 browser technology, with the latter accounting for the majority of the Freetime user interface.

DiSEqC 1.2 support; MoCA (Multimedia over Coax Alliance) support, including single cable routing; HTML, JavaScript, and CSS internet technologies for broadband-delivered interactive services; DRM for online content; and payment mechanisms for broadband services like LoveFilm are all included in the Freetime specification. Freetime is a mix of HbbTV and MHEG-5, according to James Strickland, Freesat’s director of product and technology development.

What is the frequency that Sky TV broadcasts on?

The orbital slot for Sky’s DTH satellite capacity is nominally 28.2/28.5 degrees East, and it is leased from SES. The frequencies employed include 12.7514.50 GHz (UL), 17.3018.10 GHz (UL), and 9.7512.5 GHz (UL) (DL.).

Is Sky compatible with all satellite dishes?

Finally, you may be able to obtain full access to Sky TV without having to build a new satellite dish if you reside in a block of flats. You may not need an individual satellite dish to watch Sky if you reside in a block of four or more flats because your building may already have a community TV system.

Residents in flats can subscribe to Sky without having to buy a separate satellite dish thanks to communal TV systems. Sky offers three communal television systems: a shared dish, an integrated reception system, and a single cable option. You won’t need a satellite dish for Sky, regardless of the system in your block of flats.

What type of LNB does Sky employ?

There are numerous varieties of universal LNBs, and, contrary to popular belief, not all LNBs work with all satellite dishes. Many don’t fit, such as universal LNBs for Sky and Freesat MK4 model satellite dishes, which have a 38mm collar, whereas practically all other satellite dishes use a 40mm collar. When installing a 38mm collar to a satellite dish that accepts a 40mm collar, a couple of wraps around the collar can be enough to fill the gap and make a secure fix so that the LNB skew can be set correctly. Attempting to do it the other way around will not work since a 40mm collar LNB will not fit into a 38mm collar holder.

Just to be clear I do not advocate installing an LNB intended fora MK4 style Sky mini-dish onto a traditional type offset satellite dish since these are built for an elliptical satellite dish and not a rounder dish. As a result, for the best signal, you should always get the suitable LNB.

How Does A Universal LNB Work?

Universal LNBs operate by adjusting the provided voltage from the satellite TV receiver, which switches the LNB between receiving horizontal and vertically polarized signals, and by applying a constant 22Khz tone, which switches the LNB between high and low band. Because the bandwidth available on the coaxial cable is more than the bandwidth available on the transmission, this means that only 1/4 of the available satellite services are available on the coaxial connection at any given moment. As a result, you can’t easily split a satellite signal off a universal LNB, which is why two cables with separate direct connections to the LNB are required, as I’ll explain later.

For your information, universal LNBs oscillate signals from the KU satellite band, which ranges from 10.7 to 12.75 GHz, down to the IF satellite band, which ranges from 950 to 2150 MHz.

By 10600Mhz, a high band signal oscillates between 11.7Ghz and 12.75Ghz.

Here’s a handy chart to help you recall which satellite bands are available, as well as what DC voltage and/or 22Khz tone the satellite receiver will need to receive them.

Types of Universal LNB

Universal LNBs come in a variety of shapes and sizes, with the most popular being single and quad LNBs. The only difference is the number of outputs on the LNB itself, which allows for the addition of extra satellite receivers for additional TV points and satellite PVRs that have recordable, pause, play, and rewind TV services, such as Sky+ and Freesat+, which require two separate LNB connections to work properly.

Single LNB

A coaxial cable can be linked to a single LNB via a single LNB connection. You’ll be able to connect a normal satellite receiver, such as a Sky or Freesat box, to this. You can connect a Sky+ or Sky+HD box, but you’ll lose the ability to record one show while watching another if the Sky box is set to single feed mode.

Dual LNB

These are not very common, as it makes just as much sense to upgrade an LNB from a single to provide additional satellite connections, or to install a satellite dish for the first time, to simply install a Quad LNB instead, as this will future-proof the installation and provide an additional two connections. The cost difference isn’t significant; in fact, Quad LNBs are frequently less expensive because they are installed and manufactured in larger quantities. A dual LNB allows you to connect two distinct satellite receivers or a single satellite PVR. If you’ve recently upgraded to Sky Q and see that your LNB only has two connections, be aware that it’s not a dual LNB, but rather a Sky Q wideband LNB that operates differently.

Quad LNB

Quad LNBs are the most commonly installed LNB, and I personally include them with all of our standard Sky and Freesat installations. Up to four satellite receivers, two PVRs, or one PVR and two regular satellite receivers, can be connected to a Quad LNB. If you need more connections, you’ll need to upgrade to an Octo LNB.

Octo LNB

As you might expect, octo LNBs have eight independent outputs, allowing up to eight coaxial cables to be attached and feeding up to eight separate satellite receivers, four PVRs, or a mix of the two. There are no freely available LNBs that allow for extra connections from a single satellite dish if you need more connections. Instead, a new strategy must be implemented. This is a Quattro LNB installation, which differs from a Quad LNB and a multi-switch amplifier. See our earlier blog for information on how many TVs can be supplied with a single dish.

LNBs Used for Freesat & Sky

Both Sky and Freesat use the same satellites, which are situated at 28.2E, for their services, hence the same satellite dish and LNB can be used. This is ideal for customers who want to terminate their Sky subscriptions because they can still get Freesat using the same satellite dish. If you’re using a Sky mini-dish satellite dish from the MK4 generation, the LNB must have a 38mm collar rather than a 40mm collar, otherwise it won’t fit in the LNB holder on the satellite dish. Adapter holders to accommodate a 40mm collar can be purchased, but it’s simply one more thing to order or maintain in stock, so I recommend ordering the correct LNB first. Because they are single, quad, and octo LNBs, I won’t go over all of the other types again.

Sky Q Wideband LNB

Sky Q employs a different type of LNB than standard Sky and Freesat, which you may or may not be aware of. I’m sure they have their reasons, but making it more difficult to cancel your Sky membership is one of them, as switching from Sky to Freesat now requires changing the LNB on the satellite dish as well as the satellite receiver itself.

How Does A Sky Q LNB Work?

It’s a good thing I went over how universal LNBs function since it will help you understand the Sky Q LNB and how it differs from a universal LNB. Sky Q LNBs, like dual LNBs, have two distinct cable inputs, but they work significantly differently. The vertical output is attached to one cable, while the horizontal output is connected to the other. There is not switching of the LNB between horizontal and polarisation signals as both the cables are carrying distinct services. This means that when utilizing a Sky Q wideband LNB, two cables must be connected to the Sky Q box in order to receive all of the services and channels. As I’ll explain later in the blog, there are ways to connect a Sky Q box with a single wire.

The astute among you may wonder how all the same services may be squeezed onto two cables without the need of a high and low band oscillator. This is because the LNB uses a wider frequency range than universal LNBs, ranging from 300 to 2340 MHz, stealing bandwidth that was previously allotted for TV aerial signals, necessitating switching at the LNB. However, because the Sky Q and TV aerial signals can no longer be merged onto the same cable, this causes major issues with diplexed TV and satellite systems, as well as communal IRS systems.

Hybrid LNBs

Hybrid LNBs are a frequent and much-appreciated addition. These are a hybrid of the wideband LNB used by Sky Q and the quad LNBs used by regular Sky and Freesat. This implies that a single satellite dish may be used to connect a Sky+HD or Freesat box in one room to a Sky Q box in another, allowing us to future-proof our satellite dish installation and provide our clients more flexibility. There are six outputs on hybrid LNBs, and not all hybrid LNBs are the same. Some LNBs feature two wideband outputs and four universal outputs, allowing a Sky Q or regular Sky/Freesat box to connect to every single output, while others have two wideband outputs and four universal outputs. The latter implies that the cables feeding each satellite receiver must match the connectors on the LNB; otherwise, the system would not function.


Although this sort of LNB can be used for a variety of satellite TV systems in other countries, Sky Q is the only reason you’d use it in the UK, thus this section has been created with that in mind.

A dSCR or dCSS LNB connects a Sky Q box to a single feed, which is useful when extra cables can’t be put between your satellite dish and Sky Q box for any reason. When you do this, go to the Sky Q box’s settings menu and change the LNB option to SCR mode. The LNB is not switched on again; instead, it searches for the transponder frequency for the channel requested by the satellite receiver and oscillates it to the lowest available frequency. Multiple programs can be recorded at the same time without the requirement for additional satellite LNB connections, as is the case with universal LNBs.

The LNB oscillates down to the Intermediate frequency band, which starts at 950Mhz, allowing a terrestrial aerial signal to be merged into the same cable, making it the LNB of choice for diplexed TV/SAT systems without a multi-switch amplifier. Sky Q compatible community systems make use of dSCR technology.

Worthwhile mention – dSCR + Universal Quad LNB

Another dSCR Quad LNB is available, with one SCR output for connecting a Sky Q box to a single feed mode and three classic universal LNB outputs for connecting standard Sky or Freesat boxes.

Quattro LNB For Communal IRS & Satellite Systems

Traditional LNBs cannot be used to install a shared IRS TV system because the number of connections required is usually significantly larger than the number of connections accessible on an Octo LNB. As a result, a new approach is required, which is accomplished using a Quattro LNB and multi-switch amplifiers. I won’t go into great depth here because this site isn’t about the installation of shared TV systems.

Although both a Quattro and Quad LNB have four outputs, the Quattro LNB varies in that it serves the four satellite bands separately across four cables, whereas the Quad LNB switches between them all.

This means that a Quattro LNB cannot be linked directly to a satellite receiver after it is installed. It must be linked to a multi-switch amplifier with distinct VL, VH, HL, and HH inputs, where switching takes place instead, and the wires from the LNB and the amplifier’s input must not be intermingled. Only four cables are required between the satellite dish and the multi-switch amplifier, and the system can be expanded to support hundreds of satellite TV terminals.

Because there is switching from the LNB, the signals can be split into multi-switch amplifiers if you use a splitter that is both DC passing and capable of supplying the satellite IF band frequencies. Just keep in mind that four separate splitters or a splitter with four independent inputs are required.

Monoblock LNB

A Monoblock LNB has two independent feedhorns, thus combining two individual LNBs into one with a 6 degree separation, making it ideal for Astra 1 (19.2E) and Hotbird (13E) installations. A monoblock LNB for signal reception with satellite dishes of 80cm or greater. The LNB includes a single cable output that may be used to connect to a diESqC compliant satellite receiver that can switch between the several LNB signal inputs.

High Gain LNB

You may have heard the term “high gain” LNB before. It’s easiest to think of the LNB as the first stage of amplification to grasp this. One of the key functions of the LNB is to amplify the signal because satellite transmissions are quite weak when they reach the planet. Most LNBs have a gain of roughly 50dB, however some types, known as High Gain LNBs, have a gain of 60dB or more.

These LNBs are designed for extended satellite cable runs where cable resistance could result in signal loss. Installing these in scenarios with short cable runs is not a smart idea since you risk overloading the satellite receiver and resulting in poor TV coverage.

Sky Q is a type of LNB.

This quad port (4 Way Hybrid LNB) can run Sky Q, Sky HD, or FreeSat simultaneously from the same Sky dish.

Multi-function intelligent switching design – This Hybrid LNB features 2 x wideband ports and 2 x legacy ports, allowing you to retain your existing Sky HD or FreeSat boxes as well as the new Sky Q 1TB/2TB box powered by the 2 x Wideband LNB ports working from one satellite dish.

Reduces cable and dish clutter – The sleek and lightweight Hybrid LNB eliminates the need for several satellite dishes at your home, and if you decide to leave the Sky contract at any point, you can simply switch to FreeSat receivers. There are no contract fees, and you don’t have to replace your satellite dish or buy a FreeSat LNB.

Solid Bracket Design with Built-in Spirit Level – This Sky Hybrid LNB comes complete with an adapter bracket to match the Mark 4 Dish and a built-in spirit level. It elegantly fits into the latest Mark 4 MK4 Sky Q Dish and is excellent for Multi Room and Multiple PVR Setups.

Rugged Construction – Constructed with recognized and authorized materials to provide the greatest signal strength and quality. It is built to resist the ever-changing external weather conditions thanks to its compact and outstanding design. The weatherproof collar protects your coax cable connections, ensuring that you get the finest performance every time.

Simple Setup All you have to do is connect your cables and connectors to your satellite and turn on your receivers.

Great Compatibility – Compatible with SKY Q, SKY Q 1Tb, SKY Q 2Tb, SKY HD, or FreeSat when you want to supply increased capacity (Sky Plus HD, FreeSat HD), or simply add additional receivers.

To access the 2x Legacy Coax ports and 2x Wideband Ports, slide up the weatherproof protective collar.

KEYWORDS: sky q sky plus sky+ hybrid lnb for satellite dish 4 output 2 output bracket holder 6 output twin adapter quad freesat high gain dish cover HD+ HD Wideband Compatible clamp 4way MK4 KEYWORDS: sky q sky plus sky+ hybrid lnb for satellite dish 4 output 2 output bracket holder 6 output twin adapter quad freesat high gain dish cover HD+ HD Wideband Compatible clamp 4way MK4

Is Freesat compatible with the Sky Q LNB?

Unfortunately, the original Sky+LNB or a Hybrid LNB that supports Q and Sky+ HD is required for the Freesat tuner in your TV. The Q Wideband LNB will only function with the most recent Freesat boxes.

Is Freesat being phased out?

Humax’s partnership with Freesat has come to an end. Humax will no longer be making and manufacturing Freesat-branded satellite receivers and PVRs after an 11-year partnership.

What is the required direction for a Sky dish?

Your satellite dish must have the proper horizontal dish alignment, also known as an azimuth position, in order to receive a clear, uninterrupted signal.

The horizontal alignment describes the position of the signal-emitting satellite. As a result, your dish must face either east or west, depending on which direction you want to receive the signal.

Your azimuth alignment will be determined by where you are. Finding the perfect horizontal alignment for your satellite dish is always recommended first since it makes finding the correct elevation alignment for your satellite dish much easier.

  • Determine the azimuth setting your satellite dish requires. This information is freely accessible online or on the Astra website.
  • Using an adjustable wrench, loosen the bolts on the mounting collar of the dish after it has been installed at the desired location.
  • Stand behind the dish and rotate the magnetic compass horizontally until the needle aligns with the north and south dial readings.
  • When using your magnetic compass, be mindful that metal buildings can cause interference with your readings.
  • Rotate the satellite dish in the direction indicated by the degrees on the compass – for inspiration, look at the location of your neighbor’s dish.
  • With the wrench, tighten the nuts on the mounting collar after the dish is in the proper place.